香港新浪網 MySinaBlog
« 上一篇 | 下一篇 »
John | 11th May 2014, 03:47 AM | 英文作文 | (2537 Reads)

謎米知識寶庫

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCqDaS_9aDl_N7ipFlSQ6LTw 

前出師表
諸葛亮

臣亮言:先帝創業未半,而中道崩殂。今天下三分,益州疲弊,此誠危急存亡之秋也。然侍衛之臣,不懈於內;忠志之士,忘身於外者,蓋追先帝之殊遇,欲報之於陛下也。誠宜開張聖聽,以光先帝遺德,恢弘志士之氣;不宜妄自菲薄,引喻失義,以塞忠諫之路也。宮中府中,俱為體,陟罰臧否,不宜異同。若有作姦犯科,及為忠善者,宜付有司,論其刑賞,以昭陛下平明之治,不宜篇私,使內外異法也。侍中、侍郎郭攸之、費褘、董允等,此皆良實,志慮忠純,是以先帝簡拔以遺陛下。愚以為宮中之事,事無大小,悉以咨之,然後施行,必能裨補闕漏,有所廣益。將軍向寵,性行淑均,曉暢軍事,試用於昔日,先帝稱之曰「能」,是以眾議舉寵為督。愚以為營中之事,悉以咨之,必能使行陣和睦,優劣得所。親賢臣,遠小人,此先漢所以興隆也;親小人,遠賢臣,此後漢所以傾頹也。先帝在時,每與臣論此事,未嘗不歎息痛恨於桓、靈也。侍中、尚書、長史;參軍,此悉貞良死節之臣也,願陛下親之信之,則漢室之隆,可計日而待也。

臣本布衣,躬耕於南陽,苟全性命於亂世,不求聞達於諸侯。先帝不以臣卑鄙,猥自枉屈,三顧臣於草廬之中,諮臣以當世之事,由是感激,遂許先帝以驅馳。後值傾覆,受任於敗軍之際,奉命於危難之間,爾來二十有一年矣!先帝知臣謹慎,故臨崩寄臣以大事也。受命以來,夙夜憂勤,恐託付不效,以傷先帝之明。故五月渡瀘,深入不毛。今南方已定,兵甲已足,當獎率三軍,北定中原,庶竭駑鈍,攘除奸凶,興復漢室,還於舊都;此臣所以報先帝而忠陛下之職分也。至於斟酌損益,進盡忠言,則攸之、褘、允之任也。願陛下託臣以討賊興復之效;不效,則治臣之罪,以告先帝之靈。若無興德之言,則戮允等,以彰其慢。陛下亦宜自課,以諮諏善道,察納雅言,深追先帝遺詔,臣不勝受恩感激。今當遠離,臨表涕零,不知所云。 

 

成對的對等連接詞連接句子,包括使用either…orneither… nornot because … but becauseboth … andnot only … but also

 

例子:

1.      Either you come to my place or I’ll meet you at work.  Which do you prefer?

2.      John said he would either meet them for lunch or take them for dinner. (注意,在這種結構,either的位置一定在main verb(如meet)之前而在auxiliary verb(如would)之後)

3.      It is neither possible nor desirable to invite them.

4.      They were not interested, nor were they cooperative. (Neither were they interested nor cooperative.)

5.      I am not taking the trip, not because I don’t want to, but because I can’t afford it.

6.      Rebecca Stead chose to set her children’s novel When You Reach Me – winner of the 2010 Newbery Medal - in nineteen-seventies New York partly because that’s where she grew up, but also because she wanted ‘to show a world of kids with a great deal of autonomy.’ (摘自2013 DSE English Language Paper 1 Part B2 Text 4 原文)

7.      Both she and her sister now live in Wahchai.

8.      The results of the research are both impressive and alarming.

9.      If this project fails, it will affect not only our department but (also) the whole company.

10.  Not only did he turn up late, (but) he also forgot his books.(留意:若not only放在句首,第一個子句的動詞必須倒裝,例如turn up要改為did … turn updid是因倒裝而加上的。)

引用(0) | 話題(英文)