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John | 10th May 2014, 16:03 PM | 英文作文 | (3254 Reads)

謎米知識寶庫

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCqDaS_9aDl_N7ipFlSQ6LTw 

 

 

熟習了前面五篇文章所說的五種基本句型(five basic sentence patterns)之後,就可以將句子(或子句)連接,寫出較長的句子。

 

連接句子(或子句)的方法如下:

1.      對等連接詞連接,包括使用andoryet 等:

2.      成對的對等連接詞連接,包括使用either…orneither… nornot because…but because等;

註:使用12寫出的叫複合句(compound sentence。這種連接方法叫協作(coordination)。

3.      連接副詞連接,包括使用accordinglyhoweveron the contraryin fact等;

4.      使用從屬子句包括名詞子句(noun clause)、關係子句(relative clause)、副詞子句(adverbial clause)、條件子句(conditional clause

註:使用4寫出的叫複雜句(complex sentence。這種連接方法叫從屬(subordination)。

 

 

這次談用對等連接詞連接句子(或子句)。

對等連接詞包括:andorbutyetforsonot

例子如下:

1.      I drove to Mei Foo and went on to Tsuen Wan.

2.      Katy came over and we decided to use my car because hers was acting up(機器有問題).

3.      You can keep it, or you can throw it away.

4.      Katy was only joking – or was she (=but it is possible that she is not)?

題外話:

2013DSE English Language Part B1 Text 3 [1]段有類似的寫法:

Social media is great for deepening bonds, making friends, or finding that special some. Or is it?

Q37 What does the first paragraph suggest about social media?

Answer: it questions whether social media is good//it suggests that social media isn’t always good//social media may not be that great//may not be as good as we think

5.      He wanted to buy a new car but he couldn’t find one he liked.

6.      Katy was supposed to come tonight, but her husband took her car.

7.      She is a convicted criminal, yet many people admired her. Yet but的分別在於yet表示較為令人詫異的「但是」

8.      I have done my best, yet my teacher is not satisfied.

9.      He told the students to leave, for he was very tired.for常用作解釋原因,和because近似)

10.  I remained silent, for my heart was heavy and my spirits low.

11.  He can’t leave, nor can you. (留意:nor之後的子句如有主詞,須用倒裝寫法,將動詞放在主詞之前)

12.  Katy was not a fool, neither/nor was she prepared to be blamed for the error.

13.  John hardly saw the fight, nor did he remember much about the incident later.

14.  The groups are small, so (that) everyone knows each other.

15.  Just as John has changed, so has his wife.

 

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