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John | 9th May 2014, 10:04 AM | 英文作文 | (1049 Reads)

 

句型四

主詞 + 動詞 + 間接受詞 + 直接受詞

Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object (S + V + IO + DO)

 

Blue = subject; pink = verb; purple=indirect object (IO); orange=direct object (DO).

最簡單式:主詞 + 動詞 + 間接受詞(人) + 直接受詞(物)

1.      Can you do me a favour?

2.      She bought her mother some flowers as her birthday gift.

間接受詞(人) 直接受詞(物)的次序可對調,變成「物」在前而「人」在後,但要加上適當的介詞。

3.      上文第一句可變成Can you do a favour for me?

4.      上文第二句可變成She bought some flowers for her mother as her birthday gift.

 

有些動詞之後的間接受詞和直接受詞不可對調,例如costenvywishpromise等動詞

5.      The book cost me $90.

6.      How I envy you your good luck.

7.      I don’t envy you the job of representing all classmates.

8.      May I wish you all a very Merry Christmas.

9.      Promise me you’ll be home before dark.

 

其他例子:

10.  I leave Leigh a note (I leave a note for Leigh).

11.  He offered an elderly man his seat (He offered his seat to an elderly man.)

12.  Can money bring me happiness? (Can money bring happiness to me?)

 

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