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John | 9th May 2014, 09:13 AM | 英文作文 | (1357 Reads)

 

句型三

主詞 + 動詞 + 直接受詞

Subject + Verb + Direct Object (S + V + DO)

下文談到動名詞用作受詞(格式為verbing form),不如先看這句:

Blue = subject; pink = verb; brown=direct object (DO)

Readers of a certain age may remember having their young minds blown by House of Stairs, the story of five teenagers imprisoned in a seemingly infinite M.C. Escher-style network of staircases that ultimately turns out to be a gigantic Skinner box designed to condition their behaviour. (有一定年紀的讀者可能記得,他們年青的心靈曾經被小說House of Stairs震撼,故事說的是五個青少年,他們被囚禁在一個看來怎麽跑都跑不出去的梯級網絡,原來那梯級網絡是一個巨大的施金納箱,用來制造條件觀察他們的行為。)(摘自2013 DSE English Language Paper 1 Part B2 Text 4 原文)

註:the story以後的是同位語(Appositive

 

Picture 

1.      John admitted the crime.

2.      She gains a reputation by writing.

3.      Those grade 5 pupils fly a kite.

4.      They dived in the swimming pool.

5.      Where did June buy the necklace?

6.      Unablemeansnot able”.

7.      The media has not commented on the story.

8.      Paul made three spelling mistakes in his essay.

9.      The investigation vindicated(證明屬實;確定)John’s complaint against the newspaper.

10.  a dystopian young-adult novel might speculate about the aftermath of nuclear war (Z for Zachariah) or the drawbacks of engineering a too harmonious social order (The Giver) or the consequences of resource exhaustion (The Carbon diaries 2015). (一本反面烏托邦的青年──成人小說可能思考核戰的後果(例如小說Z for Zachariah)──下文不譯了,只想指出,這句雖長,但結構不過是主詞加動詞加受詞,再用or連接另外兩個用作受詞的片語。)(摘自2013 DSE English Language Paper 1 Part B2 Text 4 原文)

不定詞片語可用作受詞。在文法上,當受詞是一個動作時,用上不定詞片語旨在完成如hope, expect, want, desire, intend, mean, plan, seek, would like等需要不定詞的動詞。

11.  Everyone wanted to go. 不定詞片語to go用作直接受詞)

12.  Historians seek to discover ancient civilization.(動詞seek之後有不定詞片語to discover ancient civilization用作直接受詞)

13.  She hopes to join his boy-friend on a vacation in Japan. (動詞hopes之後有不定詞片語to join his boy-friend on a vacation in Japan用作直接受詞)

14.  She meant to finish the assignment by 11 p.m. (結構同上)

15.  And, of course, most American schoolchildren are at some point also assigned to read one of the twentieth century’s dyspotian classics for adults, such as Brave New World or 1984.(請留意有bluepinkbrown的主要結構)(摘自2013 DSE English Language Paper 1 Part B2 Text 4 原文)

動名詞用作受詞

16.  She does not mind walking.

17.  I had seriously considered telling the story from the viewpoint of the students.(動詞had considered之後接telling the story from the viewpoint of the students作為受詞

18.  She suggested putting the matter to the board of directors. (動詞suggested之後接putting the matter to the board of directors作為受詞))

有些動詞之後一定要接動名詞受格,這類動詞包括:

admit

deny

oppose

allow

enjoy

practice

avoid

finish

quit

can’t help/resist

imagine

refrain from

can’t stand

keep

risk

consider

mind

suggest

被動語氣的句子也是「主詞 + 動詞 + 直接受詞」句子的一類.。但使用被動語氣的句子有時不會寫出施事者,以下例句除第1217句外,都沒有寫出施事者。

被動語氣的結構是:to be 的一個形式 + 過去分詞 form of “to be” + past participle = passive voice

Simple tense in the passive voice (簡單時態的被動式)

19.  The house was built by him.

20.  She was born in Kwong Wah Hospital.

21.  The problem will be solved soon.

22.  It will be finished by the time you get back.

Continuous tense in the passive voice (進行時態的被動式)

23.  John is being kept in prison because he committed an offence.

24.  He was constantly being troubled by the problem.

Perfect tense in the passive voice (完成時態的被動式)

25.  The construction of the building has been completed for two years.

26.  The medicine had been used for a long time before it was found to be harmful.

 

 

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