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John | 8th May 2014, 23:17 PM | 英文作文 | (2907 Reads)

 

五大基本句型(five basic sentence patterns)是:

句型一

主詞 + 動詞

Subject + Verb (S + V)

句型二

主詞 + 動詞 + 補語(主詞補語)

Subject + Verb + Complement (Subject Complement, SC) (S + V + SC)

句型三

主詞 + 動詞 + 直接受詞

Subject + Verb + Direct Object (S + V + DO)

句型四

主詞 + 動詞 + 間接受詞 + 直接受詞

Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object (S + V + IO + DO)

句型五

主詞 + 動詞 + 受詞 + 補語(受詞補語)

Subject + Verb + Object + Complement (Object Complement, OC) (S + V + O + OC)

 

這次只談句型一。句型一是主詞 + 動詞(S + V),像很簡單和很短,但這種句子也可以不簡單和不短,留意以下各例句的句後分析。

 

句型一:主詞 + 動詞(S + V)

Blue = subject; pink = verb.

1.      The Minister resigned.

2.      I think, therefore I am.

3.      Joe and Jack danced. (留意:主詞可以不止一個人)

4.      The girl behind you grinned(露齒笑). (留意:主詞可以較長)

5.      The fact that John is a thief embarrasses his family members. / That John is a thief embarrasses his family members.(留意:主詞可以是一個片語或子句)

6.      She sang joyfully. (動詞sang之後有副詞joyfully修飾動詞)

7.      Many of the class members speak well in class. (動詞speak之後有副詞well和介詞片語in class修飾動詞)

8.      She came before you did. (動詞speak 之後有連接詞before和子句you did

9.      Near the end of the alley sat an old woman. (等於An old woman sat near the end of the alley。動詞sat之後有介詞片語near the end of the alley修飾動詞)

 

10.  We eat to live, not live to eat.(動詞eat之後有不定詞片語to live用作副詞修飾動詞,而動詞live之後有不定詞片語to eat用作副詞修飾動詞,)

 

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