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John | 7th Jun 2012, 04:54 AM | 英語詞彙 (2) | (6246 Reads)

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To substitute A for B,當然是「用AB」。所以,這句沒有問題。

The recipe says you can substitute jam for butter.(菜單說,你可以用jam取代butter。)
 

A to substitute for B,當然是「AB」。所以,這句也沒有問題。

Santino was substituting for Larry, who was off sick.Santino正在替代LarryLarry病假)

A is substituted with/by BA是被動的,由於有with/by的提示,意思明顯是「用BA」。所以,這句也沒有問題。

Santino limped off with an injured left knee and was substituted by Larry.Santino 左膝受場,跛行出場,由Larry替。)

A is substituted for BA是被動的,for的提示不明顯,那麼,究竟是「AB」,還是「AB替」?

答案:A is substituted for B仍是指「AB」,正確點說是「A被用來替B(A is used as a substitute for B)

1Larry was substituted for Santino in the second half of the match.(比賽的下半場,派出了Larry代替Santino。)
2The following is substituted for section 2.(下文代替section 2。)

A can be substitutedA又是被動的,究竟是「A可以被替」,抑或「可以用A來替」?

這要看上下文:

1If kiwis are difficult to find, apples can be substituted.(如何奇異果難找,可用蘋果代替。)(註:其實這句的意思是A can be used as a substitute。)
2If the original painting has to be used elsewhere, it can be substituted with a copy in this museum.(如果原畫一定要在其他地方使用,在這個博物館可以用複製品代替它。)(註:其實這句仍是substitute A with/for B的句型,只是用了被動式。)

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