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John | 6th Jun 2012, 22:52 PM | 法律英語 | (1669 Reads)

香港奉行的是英、美和英聯邦國家的普通法(Common Law)/案例法(Case Law)。在這些國家當然也有statutes,香港的statutesLaws of Hong Kong,英國的statutes Acts of Parliament,但這些statutes的寫法和歐洲的大陸法 (Civil Law)頗有分別。 

以下alt 1的解釋,在談普通法的書本和辭典很難找到。

9.1 The claims of the client for breach of duty and tort shall be statute-barred within 12 months. This shall not apply where legislation prescribes longer periods of time in Arts 438, para 1, no 2, 479, para 1 (regress claim) and 634a, para 1, no 2, alt 1 (construction defects) German Civil Code or Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft (一家德國公司的名稱)is liable due to intent or gross negligence.

大陸法有Alternate IAlternate II等的寫法,而原規定叫basic clauseAlternate IAlternate II並非取代或修訂basic clause,而是在basic clause對一些情況作出規定的基礎上,再就相似但不同的其他情況作出規定,規定的方式可以是給basic clause加上文句、或者將basic clause 的若干內容刪除變更。 

所以,在大陸法的code(法典、法),Alternate IAlternate II指的是「交替規定I」、「交替規定II」。 

舉例如下,請留意boldwording

Alternate I (July 1995). If the contract is awarded by an agency other than the Department of Defense, add the following paragraph (i) to the basic clause:
 

(i) Insert the clause at 52.225-3, Buy American Act—Free Trade Agreements—Israeli Trade Act, in solicitations and contracts if

(A) The acquisition is for supplies, or for services involving the furnishing of supplies, for use within the United States, and the acquisition value is $25,000 or more, but is less than $202,000;

(B) The acquisition is not for information technology that is a commercial item, using fiscal year 2004 or subsequent fiscal year funds; and

(C) No exception in 25.401 applies. For acquisitions of agencies not subject to the Israeli Trade Act (see 25.406), see agency regulations.

(ii) If the acquisition value is $25,000 or more but is less than $50,000, use the clause with its Alternate I.

(iii) If the acquisition value is $50,000 or more but is less than $77,494, use the clause with its Alternate II.

(iv) If the acquisition value is $77,494 or more but is less than $100,000, use the clause with its Alternate III. 

 

Alternate I (May 2008). As prescribed in 23.406(d), redesignate paragraph (b) of the basic clause as paragraph (c) and add the following paragraph (b) to the basic clause: 

(b) The Contractor shall execute the following certification required by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6962(i)(2)(C)): 

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