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John | 11th Feb 2012, 12:12 PM | HKDSE英文科Paper 1 | (2035 Reads)

段對段選填題指「從passage某數段找字填入question的另一段」。英文叫Fill in the blanks with words searched from the passage

這題種在考評局的Sample Paper 1Practice Paper 1都出現過,所以,在2012年的HKDSE一定有(除非考評局擺明無賴!)

 

這類題目涉及510分,即你可能要填五至十格。

有關的題目,我早在2011217日寫過:http://englishwizard.mysinablog.com/index.php?op=ViewArticle&articleId=2886932

這次補充一點資料。

從簡單說起,上述題目的方式是這樣的:

你先看見這條question,它refer你去看試題passage的某數段,從該數段找字填進題目的空格(blanks):

Questions

Pinky Chung, whom was _____ of taking bribes from a developer for approving a _____ , _____ on seeing her lawyer after she was arrested.

Passage

Leung Chun-ying came out fighting yesterday after he was accused of failing to declare a conflict of interest in a project competition for the West Kowloon cultural hub.

At the time - more than a decade ago - the chief executive hopeful was Executive Council convener.

Leung insisted it was not his fault that a contestant in the West Kowloon Concept Plan Competition failed to declare a conflict of interest with him.

Answer key

Pinky Chung, whom was accused of taking bribes from a developer for approving a project, insisted on seeing her lawyer after she was arrested.

Leung Chun-ying came out fighting yesterday after he was accused of failing to declare a conflict of interest in a project competition for the West Kowloon cultural hub.

At the time - more than a decade ago - the chief executive hopeful was Executive Council convener.

Leung insisted it was not his fault that a contestant in the West Kowloon Concept Plan Competition failed to declare a conflict of interest with him.

留意,這種題目只有一半考你的comprehension,另一半考你對英文的熟悉

名師或許會教你skills說,passageaccusedquestionaccused都有of,你可以這樣找。

不過,passage裡是insisted (that) it was,而questioninsisted on,但你如懂得insist這個字解「堅持」或者知道insist on是慣用語,你就能答對。

最後,如你知道project常解「項目」、「專案」,總之是指「大型工程/計劃」,你不難察覺question說的是Pinky Chung approving project換取bribes

考評局practice paperquestion和有關段落是這樣的,highlight出來方便你閱讀。

Question 21

Below is an article about the incident that happened at Sea World.  Fill in the blanks using the words that can be found in paragraphs 7-10.  Use one word for each blank.  One example has been done for you. (8 marks)

After the death of Dawn Brancheau, questions are being asked whether anything could have been done to prevent such a _____.  It has not emerged that Tilly was still being allowed to perform despite being responsible for the deaths of _____ other people in previous attacks.  Unlike most performing show animals, Tilly was not born in _____.  He was captured off the coast of Iceland in 1983 and housed in a concrete _____.  Reports speculate that Tilly was isolated from other whales, and that the _____ from his family might have contributed to his aggressive behaviour.  Orcas in the wild normally live and hunt in packs, _____ hundreds of miles in the ocean.  Some experts believe that Tilly did not kill for food, but may have been acting out of _____ and boredom.  Richard Ellis agrees that while the whale ‘was not trying to eat the trainer’, his actions were _____.
Passage

[7] In February 2010, at the Sea World amusement park in Florida, USA, a whale grabbed a trainer, Dawn Brancheau, pulled her underwater and thrashed about with her.  By the time the rescuers arrived, Brancheau was dead.  The death of the trainer is a tragedy, and one can only have sympathy for her family.  But the incident raises broader questions: was the attack deliberate?  Did the whale, nicknamed Tilly, act out of stress at being held captive in a sterile concrete tank?  Was he tired of being forced to perform to amuse the crowds?  Is it right to keep such large animals in close confinement?

[8] Tilly had been involved in two previous human deaths.  In one episode, a trainer fell into the pool and Tilly and two other whales drowned him.  In another, a man who appears to have entered the aquarium at night, when Sea World was closed, was found dead in the pool with Tilly.  An autopsy showed he had a bite mark.  One of Tilly’s offspring, sold to an amusement park in Europe, has also killed a trainer, as have whales in other parks.

[9] Richard Ellis, a marine conservationist at the American Musuem of Natural History, believes orcas (a particular species of whales) are amart and would not do such a thing purely on impulse.  ‘This was premeditated,’ he said.  We will never know exactly what was going on in Tilly’s mind, but we do know that he has been in captivity since he was about two years old.  Orcas are social mammals, and he would have been living with his mother and other relatives in a group.  The sudden separation was probably traumatic for Tilly.

[10] Moreover, the degree of confinement in aquariums is extreme, for no tank, no matter how large, can come close to meeting the needs of animals who spend their lives in social groups swimming long distances in the ocean.  Joyce Tischler, of the Animal Legal Defence Fund, described keeping a six-tonne whale in Sea World’s tanks as akin to keeping a human in a bathtub for his entire life.

Answer key

After the death of Dawn Brancheau, questions are being asked whether anything could have been done to prevent such a tragedy.  It has not emerged that Tilly was still being allowed to perform despite being responsible for the deaths of two other people in previous attacks.  Unlike most performing show animals, Tilly was not born in captivity.  He was captured off the coast of Iceland in 1983 and housed in a concrete tank.  Reports speculate that Tilly was isolated from other whales, and that the separation from his family might have contributed to his aggressive behaviour.  Orcas in the wild normally live and hunt in packs, swimming hundreds of miles in the ocean.  Some experts believe that Tilly did not kill for food, but may have been acting out of stress and boredom.  Richard Ellis agrees that while the whale ‘was not trying to eat the trainer’, his actions were premeditated.
Passage with words fit for filling in blanks highlighted

[7] In February 2010, at the Sea World amusement park in Florida, USA, a whale grabbed a trainer, Dawn Brancheau, pulled her underwater and thrashed about with her.  By the time the rescuers arrived, Brancheau was dead.  The death of the trainer is a tragedy, and one can only have sympathy for her family.  But the incident raises broader questions: was the attack deliberate?  Did the whale, nicknamed Tilly, act out of stress at being held captive in a sterile concrete tank?  Was he tired of being forced to perform to amuse the crowds?  Is it right to keep such large animals in close confinement?

[8] Tilly had been involved in two previous human deaths.  In one episode, a trainer fell into the pool and Tilly and two other whales drowned him.  In another, a man who appears to have entered the aquarium at night, when Sea World was closed, was found dead in the pool with Tilly.  An autopsy showed he had a bite mark.  One of Tilly’s offspring, sold to an amusement park in Europe, has also killed a trainer, as have whales in other parks.

[9] Richard Ellis, a marine conservationist at the American Musuem of Natural History, believes orcas (a particular species of whales) are amart and would not do such a thing purely on impulse.  ‘This was premeditated,’ he said.  We will never know exactly what was going on in Tilly’s mind, but we do know that he has been in captivity since he was about two years old.  Orcas are social mammals, and he would have been living with his mother and other relatives in a group.  The sudden separation was probably traumatic for Tilly.

[10] Moreover, the degree of confinement in aquariums is extreme, for no tank, no matter how large, can come close to meeting the needs of animals who spend their lives in social groups swimming long distances in the ocean.  Joyce Tischler, of the Animal Legal Defence Fund, described keeping a six-tonne whale in Sea World’s tanks as akin to keeping a human in a bathtub for his entire life.

閑話一句:

HKALE(快取消了),有種summary cloze,不是考「段對段選填」,而是考「你選出有關的字之後再改一點」,例如原文是tragedy,但要填的blank是「a _____ event」,你要將tragedy改為tragic才對。

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