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John | 11th Feb 2012, 15:00 PM | HKDSE英文科Paper 1 | (3369 Reads)

「指涉題」的英文叫reference question。在考評局的Sample PapersPractice paper都出現過。 

Reference questionsPractice Paper 1 (Part A)出現的比率很高,23條裡有五題,即Questions 25101219 但是,有些題目加入了「不單要你選也要你寫」的新元素。 

至於舊的元素「古古惑惑」,當然永遠在你身邊跟你不離不棄。這類題種永遠不會直接問你,In ‘Mary is my classmate.  She always do well in exams.’ what does she refer to? 

2012年的HKDSE也一定有幾條Reference questions。(除非考評局擺明耍無賴。)

我在2011117日寫過這類題目:http://englishwizard.mysinablog.com/index.php?op=ViewArticle&articleId=2838100。這次用practice paper 補充資料。 

考評局的DSE ReadingWriting出題,都有雙拼式的趨勢。 

Writing 的雙拼式可以是「要你寫一封告訴你朋友一個夢」,同時考你writing storywriting letter的能力。 

Reference questions的雙拼式,可以是:
1.          遠端答案題(「就手」不一定是好的),拼「選」或「寫」(下文Question 2);
2.          傳統reference 後題,拼「選」或「寫」(下文Questions 519);
3.          後向指涉題後題,拼「選」或「寫」(下文Question 10);
4.          隱喻指涉題後題,拼「選」或「寫」(下文Question 12)。 

 

Question 2(「遠端答案題」)(answer lying further away

According to line 9, who are ‘these people’?_____________________________________________________________

Text

Worldwide, good zoos and aquariums host over 600 million visitors each year, and in Hong Kong alone, close to 5 million people visit Ocean Park annually.  For all these people, zoos and aquariums are a resource for wildlife education, motivators for environmental stewardship and a place for family recreation.

如果你選和these people最接近的5 million people,錯!因為5 million peopleOcean Parkvisitors(見上框內blue),而all these people worldwidezoosaquariums的年度visitors(見上框內pink)。 

注意:reference question,要棄「最緊要就手」的態度,因為,答案可能在遠端或者遠了一點。 

Question 5(傳統reference MC

‘Wise seafood choices’ (line 21) refers to eating fish that is …
A.      not endangered.(這條不難,clue在下框的兩個blue字,另一個clueBCD choice都有點離罩。)
B.      clean and properly cooked.
C.      the special catch of the day.
D.     healthy and nutritious. 

Text

Guests can also participate in our animal encounter programme, which gives them a chance to see some of Asia’s rarest animals.  Even our restaurants display information panels which advocate wise seafood choices in support of sustainable agricultural and fisheries practices.

 Question 10(後向指涉題)(forward reference question

What does ‘their’ in line 48 refer to?_____________________________________________________________

Text

These findings echo those of a study conducted at Ocean Park about our dolphin interactive programme where, three months after their participation, guests’ positive attitudes towards the environment were still stronger than before the programme.

這條有個「陰濕點」。通常代名詞指涉的詞在其前,但這條指涉的詞在其後(考評局常用此陰招)答案是guests或 guests' 再多給你兩個pronoun指涉的詞在其後(而不是在其前)的例:

1
(這條兒童不宜)Killing her with his kisses, Peter removed his young teacher’s bra and had sex with her. (寫答案時你不能照抄his young teacher’s,你要改寫成Peter’s teacherPeter’s young teacher
2(這條的it指涉在其後的making love out of nothing at all。):
But I don't know how to leave you, and I'll never let you fall;
and I don't know how you do
it
,
making love out of nothing at all

(Making love) out of nothing at all

Question 12(隱喻指涉題,無前無後題──指涉的答案,既不能從前文也不能從後文抄或改寫,要從前文或後文綜合領會)

‘Nature’s ambassadors’ (lines 65-66) refers to …_____________________________________________________________

Text

[5] Most Hong Kong families live in urban settings, increasingly withdrawn into an electric world of computer downloads, satellite media and video games.  Children are losing touch with nature and the animal world.  In a time of environmental challenges, zoos and aquariums are vital links to nature and wildlife.  They connect real-life people and real-life animals, and foster the understanding that it is more important, now than ever before, to conserve our natural environment.[6] Saving the planet’s biodiversity is increasingly more challenging.  It is through good zoos and aquariums that children, families and communities can meet nature’s ambassadors.  Through these connections, they will help save the wild places and wild animals so that future generations will appreciate the thrill of nature.

這條達到陰濕的極點nature’s ambassadors根本沒有前述詞或後涉詞,但只要考試,你就會遇到這種陰濕,其實不難解決。你看第[6]段,看不到答案,再往上看第[5]段,發現其大意是「城市人和動物隔絕,靠zoos and aquariums見動物」,所以nature’s ambassadorszoo animals,或zoo and aquarium animals,或animals in zoos (and aquariums),都有分。

注意:nature’s ambassadors是隱喻(metaphor),這題種可叫「隱喻指涉題」(metaphor reference question),文中沒有前述詞(antecedent),你只能根據你對text的理解推知、寫出答案或揀一個choiceinfer and write/choose an answer based on your comprehension of the text)。

Question 19(傳統reference MC,但要你寫或「抄」幾隻字)

What does ‘such enterprise’ (line 131) refer to?______________________________________________________________

Text

[13] Attempts to defend amusement parks and circuses on the grounds that they ‘educate’ people about animals should not be taken seriously.  Such enterprises are part of the entertainment industry.  The most important lesson they teach impressionable young minds is that it is acceptable to keep animals in captivity for human amusement.  That is the opposite of the ethical attitude that we should be seeking to teach children.

這條的出題方式算比較傳統,such enterprises 指涉的是在其前的amusement parks and circuses 

香港人網節目:風也瀟瀟,逢星期一、三、五晚上八時至九時,可下載收聽。
http://www.hkreporter.com/channel_list.php?channelid=297

香港人網節目:《毓民踩場》,逢星期一、四晚上十時至十一時半,可下載收聽。
http://www.hkreporter.com/channel_list.php?channelid=3

香港人網節目:《早朝天下》,逢星期一至五上午七時三十分至十時,可下載收聽。

http://www.hkreporter.com/channel_list.php?channelid=351

 
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