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John | 28th Jan 2012, 17:04 PM | 學習技巧與資源 | (2146 Reads)

我不懂歷史(history),但中學時愛讀。 

我對英文的興趣,來自中學時代的歷史書,一本本厚厚的,對着它們,我除了嘆息外,只有敬意。 

在中學會考和AL,我歷史科的成績都比英文科好,都得了最高評級。 

但我真的不覺得我懂歷史,例如,意大利統一,或者Louis Napoleon,我其實懂得多少? 

從前教書,主要教英文(其實我也不懂得甚麽英文)。 

說這些,意思是:同學仔當然想得A或者Level 5**,我也希望你們得到,它代表學生時代的一番努力和熱忱,但不代表任何學問。 

手上有份歷史科答題技巧,抄出來和大家分享。 

歷史科答題技巧(通識答題可參考)
Type of questionHow to get high marksCommon mistakes
Describe: usually with the command instruction ‘what’(敘述)Make sure your knowledge is specific and relevant.敘述要確切有關)Unspecific knowledge ‘Story telling’
Explanation: ‘explain why’ questions. (解析)Organize your answer and place reasons in order of importance.  Try to identify links between reasons.列出歷史事件的成因,按重要性將成因排序,嘗試找出成因的連繫)Listing points without explanation.
Explaining the importance of a historical term.(解釋歷史名詞的重要程度)Explain the meaning of the term and use your own knowledge to place it in historical context, i.e. explain why it is important.(解析歷史名詞的涵義,將名詞放到歷史背景,用你自己知識解釋該名詞為何重要。)Description without explanation
Interpretation and analysis(解釋和分析): ‘how far’ or ‘(to what extent) do you agree or disagree’ questionsAssessment and analysis, supported by relevant factual knowledge.(用歷史事實做論據解釋和分析要你表示「有多同意/不同意」 (to what extent) 時,要將支持你同意和支持你不同意的理據都寫出,評估正反的理據,你的結論可以是「同意」、「不同意」、「三分同意七分不同意」、「大致同意但在事例A而言無法同意」等等。Narrative and description with some assessment at the end.
Assessing the utility or reliability of a source(評估史料的可靠程度)Explain the strengths and limitations of the sources as evidence.  Use outside knowledge to test reliability.(解釋該項史料的優點和局限。用試卷沒有提供的知識即用你自己的知識評述可靠程度。)Description of source 
Comparing sources(比較史料)Cross-reference information between sources.(將各項史料對照)  Quote from sources to support your case.(引述史料支持論點)Remember to compare and contrast information in the sources.(比較、對照史料中的信息)Describing each source in turn.
Failure to compare and contrast.
Answering a question using sources and own knowledge to offer an assessment or evaluation.(用史料「就你所知」提出評估)Integrate information from own knowledge and the sources to produce a balanced assessment.(用史料「你自己的知識」提出比重均衡的評估)Using the sources and own knowledge separately.
Not using all the sources required by the question. 
Describing the sources, not evaluating them.

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