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John | 23rd Oct 2011, 10:03 AM | HKDSE/ALE英文作文用語/句子 | (3484 Reads)

寫議論文的有用句子。

 

1.          (我認為)I opine that / My view is that / I find / It seems to me that …
(a) I find enormous and passionate(帶感情的)differences of opinion on the issue. (b) It seems to me that students have vast potential. Most students can achieve good exam results and do extraordinary things if they are suitably motivated and have the confidence.

2.          (我們必須謹慎地…)We must be careful to …
We must be careful to distinguish between love and emotional dependence. (我們必須謹慎地分清楚愛和對感情的依賴。)

3.          (有一項相反意見)A contrary view is put forward by … / A contracy view is that …
A contrary view is put forward by some students.  They argue that students’ pursuit for famous brands bring them happiness.(有一些學生提出相反的意見,他們主張,學生追求名牌能帶給學生快樂。)

4.          (有很多理由)There are plenty of reasons why …
There are plenty of reasons why people would rather listen to Podcasts than radio.

5.          (一項啟發性的事實是)One suggestive fact is that …
One suggestive fact is that people with less education are more likely to start their own business and less likely to value job security highly.(一項啟發性的事實是,受教育較少的人更可能創業,而多數不很重視工作穩定。)

6.          (研究顯視)Research has shown that …
Research has shown that the health risks of chronic diseases can be defused through a proper daily life.(研究顯示,日常生活適當,就可以解除慢性疾病的風險。)

7.          (經常舉出的例子是)The usual example is …
The usual example of selective enforcement of law (選擇性執法)is the Hong Kong police’s handling of demonstrators(香港警察對待示威者的方式).  Another one is the government’s policy towards unauthorized building works (僭建物)in the New Territories, where countless illegal structures (非法構築物)exist but are tolerated only because the owners seem sufficiently recalcitrant(抗命)(意指「因為夠惡,所以政府容忍」).

8.          (筆風一轉但是,誰誰誰對某事沒有共識)However, there is no consensus among … about …
However, there is no consensus among different quarters of our society (社會各界)about small class teaching (小班教學).

9.          AB有何影響?)What effect does A have on B?
What effect does school-based assessment have on students’ results?

10.      (做某事是明智的;講得通)It make sense to …
Does it make sense to implement a universal retirement protection scheme (全民退休保障計劃)?

11.      (也可以說)It can also be argued that …
It can also be argued that every government is nothing more than an institution designed to preserve the order of society and should therefore be ultimately responsible to society.(又可以說,每個政府都不過是一項建制,設計的目的是維持社會秩序,因此應對社會負最終責任。) 

12.      (難以想像/不難想像)It is hard/not hard to imagine that …
It is not hard to imagine that corruption will thrive in an undemocratic country, where the government exercises arbitrary powers. (不難想像,在沒有民主的國家,貪污必然猖獗,因為政府可以任意行使權力。) 

13.      (對…來說,這也是對的)The same is true for …
The same is true for learning other subjects.

14.      (贊成和反對某事的論點是甚麽?從好的方面說…從壞的方面說)What are the arguments for and against … On the plus side … On the minus side …
What are the arguments for and against mother tongue teaching (母語教學)? On the plus side, it removes the language barrier to learning various subjects for students with limited English proficiency(不熟英文的學生).  On the minus side, it reduces students’ exposure to English(學生接觸英語的機會).

15.      A為何變成B?一個重要原因是CWhy has A become B? C is one key reason.
Why has social discontent grown dramatically in recent years?  The hegemony of real estate(地產霸權)is one key reason.

16.      A會令B這件事更難做到)A will make it harder to do B.
A decrease in working population will make it harder to pay public expenditure, such as old age allowance(高齡津貼)and transport supplement(交通補助金), which is partly funded by salaries tax(薪俸稅). (意指工作人口少了,交稅的人因此減少,政府的收入也會減少,支付公共開支會較困難。)

17.      A可以是B,也可以是CA can be B, but it can also be C.
Obtaining a university education can be expensive, but it can also be rewarding in terms of pay and career(在薪金和職業而言有好的回報).

18.      (最後,似乎)In the end, it seems that …
In the end, it seems that much of our worries are self-created. 

以下是20111228日加進的:

述說他人論點(Sentences for presenting other people’s arguments

1.      (One of) the (main) arguments(s)

against X

is that …

in favour of X

2.      It has been

said

that …

argued

3.      It can be argued that …

  

述說本身論點(Sentences for presenting your own arguments

4.      The first thing

we have

to consider is …

I should like

5.      First of all, …

  

6.      The first thing to be considered is …

  

7.      It is a fact

8.      There is no doubt

9.      I believe

that …

 

10.  One of the main arguments

in favour of X

is that …

against X

11.  It is

sensible(合情理的)

that …

undeniable (無可否認的)

ridiculous(可笑的)

12.  (Personally) I would argue that …

  

13.  (Personally) I would tend to believe that …

  

  

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