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John | 3rd Sep 2011, 23:29 PM | HKALE(UE):Sections B, C & E, HKDSE英文科Paper 3 | (9404 Reads)
ALE Section EDSE Paper 3 Data File資料安排有些陣法,包括:
1.          路邊攤;
2.          兩邊攤;
3.          四圍攤;
4.          鬼鼠式(上下左右)
5.          隱晦式;
6.          屎埋珠。 (或者,好聽一點:魚目尋珠)(select relevant information from irrelevant information

上述六種陣法和解法,就用2009HKALE Section E - Task One 説明。題目如下:

 

寫一份Frequently Asked QuestionsFAQs)。這一題有24 marks,給你四條問題的話題,你要(1)將四個話題改寫成問題,(2)從Data File找出四個問題的答案。

The questions of the FAQs should cover the following:
-          When the HKFTA began (這個話題是example,不用理會)
-          Why fair trade products are more expensive
-          Differences between fair and organic produce
-          Examples of fair trade producers in China
-          How to identify fair trade products 

路邊攤(路邊攤最容易,但也可暗藏殺機)

Why fair trade products are more expensive的有關資料如下。很大段,很歸一。標題是Pricing Structure(和話題的more expensive有關),就像擺在路上的攤檔,你很容易發現,所以叫路邊攤。

Pricing Structure
Fair trading price = fair trade minimum price + fair trade premium
Minimum price = guaranteed price covering cost of sustainable production
Premium: extra part social / economic development –producers decide how spent

(這行藍色的資料不是路邊攤,是隱晦式,看見路邊攤,很開心,怎知玫瑰有刺、羊原是狼,見下文「閑話一句」
拆解法:有些部分確是比較straightforward的,但要提防straightforward的部分又夾雜了difficult的東西。 

兩邊攤(兩邊攤+隱晦式=失分位)

有些資料是半顯眼的,是一大段資料,但中間放了一大段無關的資料,考生看了前面一、兩句有關的,underline了,但讀到第三、四、五、六句是無關的,以為這個話題的資料完了,於是用心去找另一個話題的資料。怎知,第七、八句又是有關的,雪上加霜的是:如果這七、八句又用隱晦式來寫,你就更易忽略。結果:少寫了資料失分

以下是好例子,話題是Differences between fair trade and organic produceData file clueHow do you tell knowif something is fair trade? 文中說,分別在於fair trade produce是有特別logo的。下表藍色的字就帶出GETE certification mark/logo這個point 1 mark)。之後,考評局加插黃色那段無關的資料(慣用伎倆),然後又用隱晦文筆較詳細地說明,你很容易忽略「斷開了」和「隱晦」那兩個points,值兩分的。

說「隱晦」,是因為Ada Rick其實是拿着兩個logos在說話,正常的訪問稿應有文字交代,否則會令讀者難以理解,但考評局為了將考生分出高低,這段訪問稿裡沒有任何拿着logos說話的文字交代,考評局反而誣指考生連這些表達方式都不懂!)(見2009 Report 148頁)

Certification marks有兩種,一種叫international certification mark,是一個「紅黃開心人」(a red and yellow cheering person),另一種是Asian fair trade mark,是兩人坐搖搖板,代表公平(two people on a see-saw, symbolizing balance and equality)。

Ada Ma:

Really?  Don’t think I’ve seen much in Hong Kong.  How do you tell if something is fair trade?

Rick Leone:

It’ll have a logo on the packet, you know, some kind of picture on it … certification marks, that’s what they are.  I’ve got the two main ones here to show you.  Actually, that’s another thing the GFTE does.  It does all the stuff related to giving certification – like they check the producers are following fair trade standards and stuff before they let them use the fair trade mark.

Ada Ma:

I’ve seen this first one around; the red and yellow one.  But I’ve never been able to figure out what it is.

Rick Leone:

Actually, it’s a cheering person.  That’s the international certification mark that’s used by most of the GFTF organizations.  Sometimes in Hong Kong you might see the Asian fair trade mark around too.

Ada Ma:

I see, so that’s the other mark you have here.  OK, it’s pretty easy to see what this one is.

Rick Leone:

Yeah, it’s all about … balance and equality I guess.  Two people on a see-saw.

(兩邊攤)拆解法:用計算法,從分數的分配拆解,例如這一條,寫明24 marks,一般來說,language(包括accuracyreadability)佔一半分(即12 marks),剩下的12 markscontent 分,看情況似要寫入12點(有時是24點,半分1點)。這個tasks有四個話題,若無蠱惑,12 marks 除以4個話題,即每個話題的content要有3points,而上表的例子在第一個藍色部分只有一個點,因此知道還要多找兩個點。

(隱晦式)拆解法:見有一大段你不明白的,就「一定有D野」,時間許可的話,冷靜地讀清楚,但若真的不明白,只好放棄,不可為一夥樹放棄整個森林!

 四圍攤(四圍攤+無要求=失份位)

很簡單,Data File會說明資料要在例如pages 2 and 4 – 9找,你沒有可能在一個page找到全部資料,資料都四圍攤!

四圍攤還有一個陰濕位,究竟答案要有多少個點?「四圍攤」+「無要求」(不說明要你找多少個point),是考評局常用手法,務求令你失點分,否則分不出考生的高低。

例如有關Examples of fair trade producers in China的資料,陰濕位是它沒有說明找多少個examples,其實是三個,分別不顯眼地藏在pages 5, 6 and 8

拆解法:(1)要特別留意key words,例如,題目有China,你不單要留意China,還要留意中國地名,例如HainanWuhunWuyuan(三隻都是key word變身鬼),如果你只想找China,你可能一個都找不到。(2 用計算法,從分數的分配拆解,例如這一條,寫明24 marks,一般來說,languageaccuracyreadability佔一半即12 marks,剩下的12 markscontent 分,看情況似要寫入12點(有時是24點,半分1點)。這個tasks有四個話題,若無蠱惑,12 marks 除以4個話題,即每個話題的content要有3points,所以,如你在一個page找到一個point,你應警醒自己,還有兩個point未找到。 

鬼鼠式(上下左右)

例如:

A banana farmer’s story – FuThe Fair Trade Organisation encouraged us to form a cooperative and in return for becoming a member of the co-operative we had to agree to use less chemical fertilizers.  I’d been using the fertilizers to grow my bananas for years and really wasn’t keen to go back to not using them.  But in the end, we changed to natural fertilizers and found that after a while the water in the local stream got much cleaner so my kids can swim it it!  They couldn’t do that before.(大大段,都是無用廢話。)Wang Fu is a banana grower in Hainan, the People’s Republic of China.  She has been a fair trade grower since 2001.(細細段,但有一個example,就是bananas from Hainan,當然,你不可照抄banana。)

拆解法:考評局的題目,Data File裡,上下左右一定有些較小的字、較小的段和較短的section,其中一定有些含有答案,要小心。

隱晦式

故意將一些資料寫得隱晦難明,你知啦,考試爭分奪秒,考生一時看不明,便當作沒有用,當作沒有用,就不寫,不寫,就少了一個甚至幾個points具體例子見上文的兩邊攤綠色

拆解法:見有一大段你不明白的,「一定有D野」,時間許可的話,冷靜地讀清楚,但若真的不明白,只好放棄,不可為一夥樹放棄整個森林!

屎埋珠

有些資料,用幾個不同的字說相同的東西,你要幾個字都寫進還是只寫一個?甚麽都寫進當然最安全,但有時間嗎?你必須取捨,就像在一堆屎中幾夥珍,但取捨時用甚麽標準?

拆解法:仍是用計算法破解(見上文),不重複了。例如,你計出是三點,這三點如何寫?請看下表:

Ada Ma:

Really?  Don’t think I’ve seen much in Hong Kong.  How do you tell if something is fair trade?

Rick Leone:

It’ll have a logo on the packet, you know, some kind of picture on it … certification marks, that’s what they are.  I’ve got the two main ones here to show you.  Actually, that’s another thing the GFTE does.  It does all the stuff related to giving certification – like they check the producers are following fair trade standards and stuff before they let them use the fair trade mark.

Ada Ma:

I’ve seen this first one around; the red and yellow one.  But I’ve never been able to figure out what it is.

Rick Leone:

Actually, it’s a cheering person.  That’s the international certification mark that’s used by most of the GFTF organizations.  Sometimes in Hong Kong you might see the Asian fair trade mark around too.

Ada Ma:

I see, so that’s the other mark you have here.  OK, it’s pretty easy to see what this one is.

Rick Leone:

Yeah, it’s all about … balance and equality I guess.  Two people on a see-saw.

Point 1: a GFTE/certification mark

Point 2: the international certificate mark – a cheering person red and yellow括號內的寫不寫均可,分數相同)

Point 3: the Asian fair trade mark – two people on a see-saw balance and equality括號內的寫不寫均可,分數相同)

以下是幾個sample answers

Sample 1

What are the differences between fair and organic produce?(你要將那個話題differences between fair and organic produce轉成這個問題,這是題目的要求)

You may tell the differences by the GFTE certification marks1mark, which are of two types, namely the international mark, which depicts a cheering person in red and yellow1mark, and the Asian fair trade mark, which is a device of a see-saw, symbolizing balance and equality1mark.  6分滿分,包括content 3分和language3分,寫得正確即可,不用花巧)

Sample 2

What are the differences between fair and organic produce?

You may tell the differences by the GFTE certification marks1mark, which are of two types, namely the international mark, which depicts a cheering person1mark, and the Asian fair trade mark, which is a device of a see-saw1mark.  6分滿分,包括content 3分和language3分)(這個答案少了red and yellowbalance and equality,但沒有影響。問題是,有時你不肯定有沒有影響,時間足夠的話,最好能用簡練的文筆寫進你認為有關的資料,但時間不足的話,要作點取捨,重複的不要寫,詳細解釋同一個點通常不用寫幾次,寫10次仍是1分。)

Sample 3

What are the difference (少了s between fair and organic produce?You may tell the differences by the GFTE certification marks1mark, which is (應用「are」) of two types, namely the international mark, which is (應加寫「a」) cheering person1mark, and (應加寫the Asian fair trade mark, which is a see-saw1mark.  (得3content分,但language 分全失)

閑話一句

對於Premium: extra part social / economic development –producers decide how spent),有些考生理解為Premium (多了的錢、溢價),是extra part social 除以economic development 再減去producers decide how spent,這個理解當然錯誤,但考評局指考生錯誤的原因是unfamiliar with symbols commonly used in notes taking (2009 Report 148),這是考評局推卸責任,雖然前面的「/」很明顯是「or」而不是「除以」的意思,但我不知道後面的producers decide how spent是甚麽symbols commonly used in notes taking?不知出自那些書本?要有很多本書都這樣說才算數,其實,我會用「→」或一個「-」,豈不更清楚?考評局過份玩「隱晦式」,出了問題就將責任卸推給考生。producers decide how spent絕對更像一個數學符號,將考生誤導了。

資料:

Pricing Structure
Fair trading price = fair trade minimum price + fair trade premium
Minimum price = guaranteed price covering cost of sustainable production
Premium: extra part social / economic development –producers decide how spent
憑以上資料寫的sample writing可以是

Why are fair trade products more expensive?

This is because the price of every fair trade product consists of a minimum price and a premium.  The minimum price is a guaranteed price which covers the cost of sustainable production. The premium is an extra part for social or economic development and the producers may decide how it is to be spent. 6分滿分,包括content 3分和language3分,寫得正確即可,不用花巧)

另一個只能取得3content 分的sample可以是這樣:

Why are fair trade products more expensive?

This is because the price of every fair trade product consists of (要加回「a」)minimum price and (要加回「a」) premium.  The minimum price are (應寫作 is」,這是subject and verb agreement a guaranteed price which covers the cost of sustainable production. The premium is an extra part for social or economic development and the producer may decide how it spent(應寫how it is to be spent,被動式). (必須做好基本功,否則3language分全失。) 

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