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John | 14th Jun 2011, 05:25 AM | HKDSE英文科Paper 3 | (14471 Reads)

How to Pass HKDSE English with Flying Colours Paper 3 Skills 3輯。 

這次想談六點:

1.          Pre-listening skills. (聽前技巧)

2.          Know the turn of conversation. (掌握兩人說話的轉折)

3.          Listen for content words. (留心內容詞)

4.          Identify important points. (用耳查找重點)

5.          Pay attention to transitional words. (留意過渡詞)

6.          Never panic. (沉着應戰) 

 

1.      Pre-listening skills. (聽前技巧)  You are given several minutes to study the Question-Answer Book and the Data File to familiarize yourself with the situation. This means that you are given time to read through the questions in advance so that you can know what to listen for. Guess what you are about to hear so that you can pay attention to the key points when the recoding is played. (給你時間看Question-Answer Book Data File,是讓你建立心理準備,預想在聆聽錄音時可能會聴到甚麽和需要留意甚麽。如能「胸有成竹」,聽的時候可以理解更多,這叫預聽能力). 

 2.      Know the turn of conversation. (掌握兩人說話的轉折) A turn in conversation is a statement or question and the response that follows. In a recording, one turn may contain one or more answers, and the answer may EITHER follow the question immediately OR it may be in some lines after. Bear this in mind in listening. Read the following two examples: (例如,A君第一句談A話題,如果是容易的題目,特別是在每個taskrecording的初段和前頭的四個tasks,答案可能在B君答話時就可以聽到。不過,如果是較難的題目,A君第一句談A話題,B君可以「無厘頭」地答了其他,然後A君又答了其他,這些「其他」可以是另一題的答案,然後,其中一人又回到原先的話題,那時你才能聽到原先A話題的答案,例子如下。)

Example 1

Louis:

Just wonder what time does the concert start tomorrow night? 8:00 or 8:15 pm?
Kay:8:15 pm. (In this turn, the answer follows the question immediately.)
Example 2

Louis:

Just wonder what time does the concert start tomorrow night? 8:00 or 8:15 pm?
Kay:Which one, Nokia Joey Yung Concert Number 6 (容祖兒音樂會) or the Hong Kong Stadium Concert (香港大球場音樂會)?
Louis:The Hong Kong Stadium Concert.
Kay:Oh, are you going to go?
Louis:Sure. Would you come with me?
Kay:That would be great.
Louis:It’s going to be very crowded. Although the concert starts at 8:15 pm, why don’t we have dinner together and get there before 7:30pm?  (In this turn, the answer follows the question some lines after.)
Kay:I’m afraid I can’t. I have an appointment for dinner with my boyfriend for tomorrow night, and I think he would take me to Hong Kong Stadium around 8:00 pm to meet you. (Here, Kay makes a turn to another topic - Kay’s dinner appointment with her boyfriend.)

3.      Listen for content words. (留心內容詞) 

Content words are often nouns, in particular:

(a) dates;

(b) times;
(c) amounts (e.g. Ha, ha! Let’s think about what we have to include.  Well, the video cameras for the filming for a start.  That would be $5,000 per household.);
(d) proper nouns such as place names (e.g. You mean somewhere like Tokyo.) and person names; and
(e) verbs, adjectives, and sometimes adverbs.
Articles (determiners), prepositions, and conjunctions are not content words but function words (功能詞) which fulfill grammatical functions.
(留意content words是基本功,content words至少有三種錄音方式,請看第4點。)

 4.      Identify important points. (用耳查找重點)

(a)   Listen for stressed words and phrases.

(如果是容易的題目,recording會故意向你強調答案。所以,凡是recording強調的,你都要寫下。這是大路出題方式。)

Example:
David: Yes, but it would be a great prize and I reckon a long weekend in a place like that for a small family wouldn’t come to more than $15,000. 
Mary: Fifty? 
David: Fifteen.

(b) Note key pieces of information such as names, dates, places, times and amounts. (留意名稱、日期、地點、次數和數額等,這也是大路出題方式。)

(c) Be alert to points deliberately made obscure. (Recording 故意令答案隱晦陰你一陰,例如,故意說幾個數字,而對的只有一個。)

Read this example:

David: Yes, that, and also how long we will need to get the show ready and produce it.  Well, I suppose we would have to allow a couple of months to get the contestants set up and then we could aim at making enough episodes for a couple of months, say eight episodes in total. 
Mary: Yes, that sounds reasonable, so FOUR MONTHS IN TOTAL.  Two for getting the people together and then eight weeks’ worth of episodes.  Let’s put them down. (在這個例子,recording 故意說了很多數字,但只有FOUR MONTHS IN TOTAL才是答案。)

 5.      Pay attention to transitional words. (留意過渡詞)

They are: butyetwhilehowever meanwhilehow aboutwhy not notwithstanding. They indicate a change of ideas. (以上的字常表示由一個point轉到另一個point,或表示由一題過渡到另一題。) 

6.      Never panic. (沉着應戰)

Panic can make you lose track of the recording (跟甩錄音不要慌,慌亂只能誤事。) and worsen matters. Don’t panic if you miss a word or two, since the recording often repeat some words. (錄音常常重複一些字,所以漏聴了不用慌。) Don’t panic if you don’t know the spelling of a word, since the recording will give the spellings of some words. Write down every word spelt to you. They MUST BE the answers. (錄音常常串出一些字,所以不懂拼寫不用慌,但不要連錄音串給你的字都抄錯!)  

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