香港新浪網 MySinaBlog
« 上一篇 | 下一篇 »
John | 12th May 2011, 07:31 AM | HKDSE英文科Paper 1, 英語詞彙 (2) | (1840 Reads)

Pinch 最少有三種用法:

(1) feel the pinch (感到壓力);

(2) a pinch of (很少量);

(3) pinch someone (揑人)/pinch someone’s feet (鞋「挾」腳)

 

第一種用法(名詞)feel the pinch

Feel the pinch (You feel the pressure because you do not have as much money as you used to) (你因收入相對減少,感受到壓力)

1Middle class feels the pinch on wages. (中產感受到薪金的壓力)( F這是SCMPheadline,指中產因薪金加幅較慢而覺得受壓。)

2Consumers are spending less and retailers are feeling the pinch. (消費者減少消費,零售商感受到壓力。)

 

第二種用法(名詞)a pinch of

A pinch of (the amount that you can hold between your thumb and your first finger) (一撮)

1a pinch of salt(一「執」鹽)

 

第三種用法(動詞)pinch someone

Pinch someone (squeeze someone’s skin with a finger and a thumb)( 揑/「meet」人)

1Ouch! Stop pinching (me)!(哎喲,唔好再揑())

1These shoes are too tight and pinch (my feet). (「頂趾挾腳」)

A short reading comprehension exercise

Middle class feels the pinch on wagesAmong the poor, the rich and the middle class, the middle class had the lowest income rise between 2006 and 2010.  While the highest and the lowest earners both had increases of more than a sixth, incomes in the middle rose a little more than half that, the government figures show.
 1.      Refer to the headline Middle class feels the pinch on wages. 

Which of the following does NOT convey the meaning of pinch in the sentence?

A.      A small amount

B.      Squeeze

C.      Reduction

D.     Pressure

 

Answer: A (留意這題,問的是NOT)

 2.      According to the passage, which one of the following is true?

A.      The poor had the fastest income increase.
B.      The middle class had a less than 50% income increase.
C.      The income increase percentage of the middle class is less than that of the rich.
D.     The income increase percentage of the poor is less than that of the rich. 


Answer:
解釋:文中是說貧窮階層和富裕階層的數入增幅是六分之一,一百除以六,即增幅是16-17%之間,而middle class收入的增幅不及貧窮階層和富裕階層的一半,由此推算,即一定不足8.5%

A.      The poor had the fastest income increase. (文中沒有這樣說)
B.      The middle class had a less than 50% income increase. (middle class沒有50%的數入增加,文中是說中產的數入增加不及貧窮階層和富裕階層收入增幅的一半。)
C.      The income increase percentage of the middle class is less than that of the rich. ()
D.     The income increase percentage of the poor is less than that of the rich. (文中沒有這樣說) 

有關數目的題目,還可看http://englishwizard.mysinablog.com/index.php?op=ViewArticle&articleId=3024245

引用(1) | 話題(英文)