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John | 29th Jan 2011, 08:33 AM | HKDSE英文科Paper 1 | (2141 Reads)
How to Pass HKDSE English with Flying Colours Paper 1題種分析系列9輯。

12.  Inference question (1)

Passage:… The boss needs someone to yell at, doesn’t he? …

Question: According to the passage, the writer and his boss

A.    sometimes disagree.

B.    always agree.        

C.    seldom agree.

D.    are in a very harmonious relationship.

Comment: This question tests your inferencing skills. Suppose that you have identified the words ‘needs someone to yell at’ as a clue. From these words, can you infer that the author and his boss (B) ‘always agree’ or they have (D) a ‘harmonious relationship’? Of course not! (「老闆要向人大吼」當然不表示雙方「總是意見相同」或「關係良好」) Can you infer that they (C) ‘seldom agree’? No, because the author does not say that his boss always or often yells at him (「老闆要向人大吼」只表是老闆會這樣做,沒有說到做的頻率,所以不表示老闆一定「總是」或「經常」向人大吼,所以不能認為老闆和作者「很少意見相同」,但可以認為老闆和作者「有時意見不同」,即A,因為老闆一年向人大吼一次也算「有時意見不同」). Can you infer that they (A) ‘sometimes disagree’? Yes, because the boss needs someone to yell at means that the boss does sometimes (but not necessarily often) yell at the author, and that means (A) ‘sometimes disagree’.

More practice:  Ask yourself whether it is reasonable to infer B from A?  

To inferBfromAReasonable?Yes/No
To infer‘agree’from‘yell at’No
To infer‘disagree’from‘yell at’Yes
To infer‘respect’from‘dignified’Yes
To infer‘none’from‘ignored’Yes
To infer ‘scarce’from‘shortage’Yes (留意scarce (adj) shortage (noun) 的詞性不同,你很容易看走眼。這是題目「陰你」的方法。如果是scarcityshortage,題目便較容易。請看下文的第13例,prepared (past participle) readiness (noun)也是詞性不同。)
To infer‘tirednessfrom‘a sweat-drenched shirt’Yes
To infer‘she was very genteel’from‘when talking to her lady-friends, she referred to me as Mr. Lee’Yes
To infer‘she was a beauty’from‘the transformation improved her looks’No
To infer‘the author loves her wife’from‘When called upon to enjoy my promotion from lodger to lover, did I experience only bitterness and distaste?’No (The sentence shows that the author does not love his wife.  He was called upon (被動) to do it and he experienced bitterness in doing so, although it may or may not be only bitterness!)

  

13.Inference question (2)

Passage:Francis Wong included music in his standup show. Once the audience reaches a sufficient state of readiness, he jumped onto the stage.

Question:Francis Wong included music in his standup show becauseA. it attracted more audience.

B. the standup show was part of a concert.

C. the music made the audience reach a state of excitement.

D. the music prepared the audience for his show.

Comment: Always base your choice on information from the text. Never guess the answer from common sense. Options A and C are reasonable or logically fit, but NOT supported by the text. Option B is NOT mentioned in the text. You may infer ‘prepared’ from ‘readiness’.

  

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