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John | 18th Dec 2010, 14:47 PM | HKDSE英文科Paper 4, HKALE(UE):Section D | (23554 Reads)

引言

下山當日,師父傳我Group Discussion絕地五招。 

兩腳隱患牽纏,追不上新人類欺師滅祖選擇性失憶、堅拒飲水思源、過河拆橋過撟抽板和細佬追殺大佬的急促步伐,九十多年了,不敢忘記師父教晦,為免曠世絶技失傳,今天就放到網誌,有緣人自能領悟。 

總論

Group Discussion絶地五招,專為「實力派」設計。五招分別係:「後發者不制於人」、「無謂要我說道理」、「我用敵意扮誠意」、「全力幹要幹的事」、「成和敗努力嘗試」。小成者「陰陰濕濕」,大成者「陰陽兼濟」。 

第一招:「後發者不制於人」

這一招分兩式。 

第一招第一式

Group Discussion中,若有人先發制人,開了頭,你是否一定要待他說完才說?答案是:「不一定」。

例如:

Mr. A: Good afternoon, everybody. Let’s get started.

或者:

Mr. A: Well, friends, I believe you are already aware of the topic of today’s discussion. We are here to exchange our views on an article titled [A question of privacy]. Shall we start?

如果你是DSE考生,可以說:

Sure, we have 8 minutes. Go ahead.

如果你是ALE考生,可以說:

Sure, we have 10 minutes. Go ahead. 

第一招第二式

若你沒有甚麽idea,但仍想開頭,你可以用一句問句打開討論的匣子:

例如論題大致是Privacy(因為試題沒有標明論題),而給你們討論的四個Topic的第一個是Do the media have too much freedom? 你可以這樣說:

Hello, everybody. We are here to discuss the topic of [privacy]. [Do the media have too much freedom?]  What are your opinions? 

第二招:「無謂要我說道理」

若其他人問你:’Mr. Yeung, what’s your opinion on this issue?’ 而你沒有特別的idea,你可以說:

1.      I’m sorry. I have no idea at this moment. (但這樣說沒有借力打力)

2.      I would like to hold my comments for the time being. [Mr. Tang] seems to have something to say in this aspect. Would [Mr. Tang] share your opinions with us? (這叫pass the ball,但你自己也算說了些話。) 

3.      I don’t have much to say about as this moment, but as Mr. Y has mentioned … (然後paraphrase或者summarize其他人的論點,然後講完。又或者,在你轉述別人論點時,你會發覺你有論點可以加進去,說吧。又或者,你可以在轉述別人論點後加上幾句說明自己為何全部/部分贊成/反對)

4.      Thank you for asking me, [Miss Cheung], but I would like to say something about …(唔答對方問的point,講另一個point)

5.      Thank you for asking me, [Miss Cheung], but I do not have any further idea at this moment. It seems that all of us have voiced our opinions on this topic. Shall we move on to the next topic, which is … (唔係話人地問你咩你就要答咩,佢又唔係你老豆!佢問你,你有答話權,若你對問你果點無point講,你可以講有關而你有野講的另一個point,或者索性帶大家轉入下一個topic,這叫反客為主) 

第三招:「我用敵意扮誠意」

如果有人講得太長,你想打斷他,或者你要表示不同意對方,你務須禮貎周周,這就叫做「我用敵意扮誠意」。J 

第三招第一式:打斷對方

1.      Can I come in at this point?

2.      Sorry to interrupt, but...

3.      Good point.  And [Miss So], what do you think about [inviting a teacher to act as our M.C.]? (先用「good point」來同意說得太多那位,然後將話題送給未發言那位) 

第三招第二式:表示不同意對方

4.      I take / see your point, but…

5.      I am afraid I can’t agree because

6.      I am in total agreement with you about… but we also have to consider…. (這叫部分贊成(partial agreement),不是一刀切) 

第四招:「全力幹要幹的事」

前三招是「陰招」,第四和第五招是「陽招」。

第四招第一式:如果有人想打斷你

1.      Excuse me, could I just finish this point first? And I would try to be as brief as possible. (你加說後一句,為的是要表示你有合作精神)

2.      Excuse me, Mr. Wong, we are here not to argue / debate / compete, but to complete a task / solve a common problem / work out our ideas together. Would you please let me finish my point first?

第四招第二式:如果有人質疑你的論點

3.      你可以問對方點解唔贊成,要對方提供詳情:(i) Why do you say that, [Mr. Wong]?  (ii) Could you be more specific?  (iii) What’s there about [going on picnic on a holiday] that you don’t like?

4.      你可以堅持:It’s not a bad idea having regard to all circumstances. Why don’t we give it a try?   

第五招:「成和敗努力嘗試」

Group Discussion考的是溝通能力,你必須敢說,有點瑕疵是正常的,你一定要「說」。The best way to score high on the Speaking Exam is to speak, and speak well. 當眾做事、說話時,不用緊張,你不是要想你要怎麽樣赢得高分,更重要的是:你要能體會那種就算事情會失敗,我也理當要努力到最後的感覺,只要你能戰勝那個害怕失敗的小我,你己經了不起。

最後,有一首歌送給任亮憲先生。

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