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John | 3rd Oct 2010, 13:25 PM | HKDSE英文科校本評核(SBA) | (9971 Reads)

談讀後感時的有用口頭學術套語Spoken academic formulaic expressions for oral presentations

 

SBA要求學生就四種材料(text1寫出評論或讀後感(comments or personal reflections),然後參於小組討論(group interaction或個人短講(individual presentation),並回應老師的提問(respond to teacher’s questions),藉此評核的學生說話能力(oral presentation)。

1包括 print fiction (小說類)、print non-fiction (非小說類)、non-print fiction (戲劇類)、non-print non-fiction (非戲劇類)

談論texts時,可以使用一些spoken academic formulaic expressions(談學術時的套語),在delivery(流暢度)和communication strategies(溝通技巧)爭取更高分數。 

以下是網上無意發覺的資料,作者認為,red的詞是spoken academic formulaic expressions(討論學術時的口頭套語),驟看似可有可無:

“...and it turns out if you do the arithmetic here, this turns out to be five microseconds. So in other words, you know it takes five microseconds for the ship to go 200, uh 1200 meters going at 240 each microsecond. Okay but remember that the clock, here on the ground, is not running at the same rate as the clock on the ship. And in fact, what we know is that if this guy measured ∆-t, this guy up here with the moving clock moving with respect to him, is gonna measure some shorter time because this time is long.”

不過,這些字其實有一定用途,在oral presentation 時可以使用:

To focus the listener’s attention (on a key point or question)    

l   the thing is

l   the question is

l   the problem is

l   what happens is

l   and in fact

l   as a matter of fact

To soften or hedge an opinion or criticism
To make a comment more polite
l   in a sense

l   in some sense

l   in a way

l   more or less

l   kind of like

l   as far as I know

l   it seems to me

l   it seems like

l   I feel like

l   you could say

To generalize additional items of a kind (same as “etc.”)

l   something like that/this

l   and stuff like that

l   and so on

l   and so forth

l   and so on, and so forth

To fill space or stall for timel   let me see

l   let me think

To set up a contrast
To prepare listener for something surprising

l   (it) turns out (that)

l   as it turns out

l   all of a sudden

To paraphrase or summarize

l   in other words

To solicit agreement or empathy
To check/confirm understanding

l   You know what I mean?

l   You know what I'm saying?

To add background information or details

l   keep in mind

To alert listeners to a change in topic or an off-topic remark

l   by the way

To structure an argument or information

l   first of all

l   for one thing

 

以上資料來自這個網站:

http://micase.elicorpora.info/esl/formulaic-expressions/Definition.htm

俾心機呀!梁洛施只學了一年英文,也說得頭頭是道。 

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