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John | 20th Sep 2010, 07:13 AM | HKDSE英文科校本評核(SBA) | (943 Reads)

有些風格,讓你很容易看出作者的想法:

1.          The novel conveys to us what the author actually felt about … 

有些風格,貎似冷靜,字底下潛藏着強烈情感:

2.          The style reflects a strong undercurrent of emotion. 

有些作品很能反映某地方和某時代的色彩,看這句:

3.          The style is highly suggestive of the attitudes and atmosphere in _______ during the period leading up to ________.  

 

成熟的作者不會在故事明言自己的觀點,只會盡可能真實地寫,一切讓讀者「各自再創造/再詮釋」:

1.          The author never expresses his own feelings directly, nor does he make any comments or explanations. Instead, he blends his own feelings harmoniously with a natural/objective narration and description. In reading [name of author], the reader has to unearth the hidden message.(讀某人時,讀者要發掘絃外之音) 

有些作者,表面風格簡單,其實每句都深思熟慮。有些風格,看似叙事鉅細無遺,非常寫實,但又夾雜了超現實的想像。可以參考以下句子:

2.          The simple style is not that simple on a closer look.

3.          The language of the story is [simple] and [natural] on the surface, but actually [deliberate] and [artificial].

4.          His descriptions of details are full of factuality(實在性)on the one hand, and dreams and hope/allusion(暗指)/symbolic meanings (象徵意義)on the other.

5.          The narrative and dialogue of [name of author], though natural and simple on the surface, is actually deliberated (經過深思熟慮的)and artificial(非寫真的). It combines elements that are realistic with elements that are stylized(非寫實的). 論述小說的整體技巧

6.          The way to use facts/figures of speech is a very important writing technique in this novel.

7.          The [name of book] typically reflects the unique writing style of [name of author]. (這句很「百搭」,某人的作筆當然反映某人的風格!)

8.          The novel was written from the angle of an unreliable narrator. (即作者敍事的方式是有意令讀者發覺叙事者說的話不盡不實)

9.          [Name of author] has used many techniques in this novel, such as realism(現實主義)/surrealism(超現實主義)/stream of consciousness(意識流), the creation of suspense(設置懸念,俗稱「放線」), dialogue(對白)/monologue(獨白). (這句很「百搭」,作者當然會用很多技巧,但你需要從text找着具體例子支持自己的說法!)

10.      The novel instructs at the same time as it entertains.(那小說既令讀者得到閱讀樂趣,又富教育意義。)

11.      The story touches something profound in human psyche.(那故事觸及人們心靈深處某種深刻的東西)

12.      The themes of [homosexuality and live-in relationship] are explored(探討的主題是同性戀和同居關係), in a highly self-reflecting narrative style(高度自省的叙述風格)that is lyrical (熱情奔放的)and profound(深刻的). 論述作者的一般風格

13.      The syntax is impeccable. (完美的句構)

14.      The author only writes about his world and the things he knows best.(這作者只寫自己的世界和自己最懂的)

15.      His/her style is influential and immediately recognizable.(一看就知是他的風格)

16.      Her writing style was elegant and satirical(優雅而嘲諷的)

17.      His style is sharp and pungent(尖銳辛辣的), and marked the transition of modern literature from modernism to post-modernism(標誌着從現代主義到後現代主義的過渡).

18.      Her humor is enjoyable as some of her characters occasionally make fools of themselves.

19.      His/her style is a flexible way of describing experience/the reality of life with brevity and clarity and conveying fresh insights(生氣勃勃的深刻見解) through words/conveying advanced and progressive ideas(超前的想法)/conveying hidden but inspiring messages(隱藏但令人鼓舞的信息).

20.      The language of [name of novel] is simple and natural, and has the effect of immediacy(直觀性/直接性), clarity and freshness.

21.      [Name of author] chooses words which are concrete(具體的), specific(確切的), more commonly found, more bitter (憤憤不平的)and blistering(表示批評的), casual and conversational.

22.      The novel instructs at the same time as it entertains.(那小說既讀者得到閱讀樂趣,又富教育意義。) 有人這樣形容海明威(Hemingway)的風格:

Hemingway seldom uses adjectives and abstract nouns, and avoids complicated syntax. His strength lies in his short sentences and very specific details. His short sentences are powerfully loaded with the tension, which he sees in life. Where he does not use a simple and short sentence, he connects the various parts of the sentence in a straightforward and sequential way, often linked by “and”.

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