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John | 12th Aug 2010, 07:51 AM | HKDSE英文科Paper 1 | (7541 Reads)

用幾個字代替一個字,或用一個字代替幾個字(to switch between one word and a phrase/a few words,這是Reading的恆常考題,過去的CE如此,今後的HKDSE亦如是。

 

新瓶舊酒,換了軀體,靈魂依舊。孫行者七十二變,尾巴也只能變技旗桿。

 

千年狐狸幻化成碧海之濱的正氣伊人,但狐狸的大尾巴突然露出,嚇你一跳。

 

試題?始終有迹可尋。係七十二變加多點而矣,「舊野」滲點「新東西」。不妨拿杯白開水坐下,待我為你細說。就從HKDSEsample paper談起。

 

HKDSEsample paper第三條如下:

Complete each forecast about Hong Kong by underlining the correct options.  One has been done for you as an example. (6 marks)

1947

Hong Kong is (poor/rich) as the population has (decreased/increased), but there is potential for trade with (the Royal Navy/China).

→1977

1977

Unemployment will be (low/high) due to a big demand for seamen and the large number of people making (ships/clothing).

→2007

2007

Hong Kong will play a (minor/major) role in banking and finance.  There will be (little/a lot of) pollution.

→2047

原文是一位記者寫的、對2047年香港的預測。有關的text如下,我將有關的wordsphraseshighlight in red,另加我的提示:

But there is a reason for starting in 1947…I think I would have looked around me and come to the conclusion that there really wasn’t much future for the place.  It was poor, people had deserted (逃離)it throughout the war and even the Royal Navy hadn’t much use for it any longer.  Perhaps there was still some potential for China trade, but otherwise agriculture and fishing would have to do…

提示:

1)題目係population has (decreased/increased),你在text找到people had deserted (逃離)itunderline邊個,你識做啦,係(decreased/increased)

2)題目係potential for trade with (the Royal Navy/China)textsome potential for China trade,讓你對號入座,你無理由underline the Royal Navy」啫!

Then I would forecast that, in 30 years, Hong Kong would be the world’s biggest noise in garment (成衣)production, taking advantage of the closed mainland economy’s inability to compete.  The city would become to ship-owning where Greece had once been, and unemployment would stay low because of the vast demand for Hong Kong seamen.

提示:

1)題目係Unemployment will be (low/high)textunemployment would stay lowunderline邊個,你識做啦,係(low/high)

2)題目係the large number of people making (ships/clothing)textthe world’s biggest noise in garment (成衣)production,喱題係考你識唔識garment解「成衣」。

Taking that approach, I would predict that in 40 years’ time Hong Kong will be the world’s biggest banking and finance centre…-except for one thing.  Everyone has left because of the air pollution.

提示:

1)題目係Hong Kong will play a (minor/major) role in banking and financetextHong Kong will be the world’s biggest banking and finance centre,係考你識唔識major解「主要、重大」(biggest)

2)題目係There will be (little/a lot of) pollutiontextEveryone has left because of the air pollutionunderline邊個,你識做啦,係(little/a lot of)

 

的確,這類題目幾乎每年都有,1)容易的你可以照字對字的對號入座,(2)較難的在表面上完全唔相似(如上例的garmentclothingbiggestmajor)你就要懂得解有關的word/phrase/expression,或從上下文推導出意思。

 

就舉一些從前CE的例子:

1999Q5

In line 35, the word ‘drives’ means …

A.      forces.

B.      encourages.

C.      attracts.

D.     controls.

有關的textIt is often extreme poverty which drives parents to send their young children to work so that they can bring a little money back to the family.(原文直譯是「極端的貧窮推動父母要子女出外工作賺點錢。」父母其實是不情願的,用encouragesattracts都太正面,而controls不可以,意思上不合,因為extreme poverty controls parents to do something是不合語感亦沒有人這樣寫的,extreme poverty不是「有意志地」controls parents to do something.

1999Q15

In line 2, ‘break away from’ means…

A.      escaped from.(不是逃,他之後還strolled(漫步)呢)

B.      separated from.

C.      ignored. (不是「不理」)

D.     rejected. (這個選項「九唔搭八」)

有關的textDuring a hot humid afternoon in late May, Lee Kwok-shing broke away from his team(離隊)of ornithologists(觀鳥隊)and strolled(漫步)into a small shop full of caged birds …

2003Q3

In lines 8-9, ‘just wild about’ means …

A.      amused by.(即有人好滑稽,你有D笑佢)

B.      happy about.(對某件事高興,但意思較輕,沒有wild的意思)

C.      optimistic about.(指對未發生的事樂觀,文義卻是已發生的事)

D.     enthusiastic about.(對某事很開心、很興奮,符合wild

有關的textChildren in more than 30 countries are just wild about Harry, their bespectacled hero(「四眼」英雄)who discovers on his eleventh birthday that he is a wizard.

2003Q9:

In line 45, ‘ploughed into’ means …

A.      started writing.She是指Harry Potter的作者Rowling,若你不懂plough into的解釋,看這句的上下文應能推知,其餘三個一看options便覺不合情理,所以不要浪費時間細想。)

B.      started reading.

C.      found a publisher for.

D.     thought of a plot for.

有關的textHowever, she at last found a publisher, Bloomsbury, and, armed with a $12,000 grant from the Scottish Arts Council, ploughed into(積極投入工作)book two, Harry Potter and Chamber of Secrets.

HKDSECE的考題看過了,有留意考評局如何在「舊酒」裝入「新瓶」嗎?

同樣是word and phrase substitution的考題,HKDSEsample和舊題目的分別,在於無明確說明line幾,相反,係將text改寫,再叫你按照原文文義在兩個選項中underline一個。較難的地方是,由於無講明line幾,你其實要在先找到有關的一段,再在該段找到有關的句,這種考驗是「line幾」題所沒有的。至於考的英文,就這幾條題目看,「其實比CE淺左」,但無理由鬆懈,因為用相同的出題方式考程度較深的英文,對考評局來說:無難度! 

Word and phrase substitution是做reading comprehension的必備概念。以下再提供一些例子:

l She read the sentence over and over again. She read the sentence repeatedly.

l father and mother parents

l   not making any noise quiet

l   people who live next door neighbours

l   the day before today yesterday

l   to come back return

l   to find out discover

l   to give a loud, sharp cry scream

l   to go from one place to another travel

l   to speak very softly whisper(低聲說)

l   very low in price cheap

l   tell clearly the meaning of explain

l   put off until a later date postpone(延期)

l   once a year annually

l   once a month monthly

l   once in every two weeks biweekly

l   once in every six months/twice in one year biannually(每年兩次)

l   once in every two years biennium(每兩年一次)

l   people who were watching the football game football spectators(球賽觀眾)

l   can’t be repaired or remedied irreparable(不能修復的;無法彌補的)

l   living forever immortal(永生不朽的)

l   without delay immediately

l   pass out of sight disappear

l   a period of 10 years decade

l   a period of 100 years century

l   to keep away from shun/avoid

l   easily bent without breaking pliable(物的勒性)/resilient(人的勒性)

l   at one and the same time simultaneously(同時的;同步的)

l   easily carried from place to place portable(便攜的) 

想起,這種word and phrase substitution的道理也適用於中文(即是說:也適用於你的中文作文)。我們有句話:「身在福中不知福」。這句話給你的感覺如何?著名填詞人夕爺用另一種方式表述,寫了名句:「原來過得很快樂,只我一人未發覺」「原來我非不快樂,只我一人未發覺」,加上千嬅的妙韻,造就了名曲《再見二丁目》。

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