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John | 4th Feb 2010, 08:15 AM | 會考英語Paper 1B (Writing) | (1623 Reads)

我不大愛用very

I don’t like the word very.

 

偶爾,我會用very,但用完又會後悔,希望自己未用。

Occasionally, I’ll use the word very, but I always wish I hadn’t (used it).

(題外話:wish + past tense = 假設語氣,表示不可能發生的事情。)

Reason 1

Very不能獨立使用,要和形容詞/修飾語結合。不過,very的組合通常可以用一個精準的字代替,而後者更有力。每次都要用更精準的字來說明你的關鍵論點。

Very can’t stand alone. It has to be combined with an adjective/modifier.  But usually the combination of very and a modifier is less forceful than a one-word, precise substitute.  Always use a more precise word to make your point.

 

例如,與其說一個人very happy(很高興的)或very fascinated(很著迷的),不如說他ecstatic (狂喜的;入迷的) .

For example, a person who is very happy is ecstatic; a person who is very fascinated about something is ecstatic about something. .

Reason 2

通常可用更好的字取代very。

We can usually replace very with a better word, as in “Police took an unusually very tough line on the protestors.”

其他可能取代very的詞:exceedingly, exceptionally, especially, tremendously, immensely, vastly, hugely; extraordinary, extra, excessively, overly, over, abundantly, inordinately, singularly, significantly, distinctly, outstandingly, uncommonly, unusually, decidedly, particularly, eminently, supremely, highly, remarkably, really, truly, mightily, thoroughly; to a great extent; (informal) terrifically, awfully, terribly  

Reason 3

在今天的香港,rich very rich, 以及shameless very shameless的差別已變得無足輕重。

The difference between rich and very rich, or shameless and very shameless, has become negligible in Hong Kong today.

例如:Wong Kok-kai is a (very) shameless scab. (王國雞是個(很)無耻的工賊。) 

Reason 4

Very有時聽來不自然,例如“I’m so very glad you could attend the play!”.

Very can sound contrived, as in “I’m so very glad you could attend the play!”.

 

以下是更多例子:

1.      Very lazy

Indolent(懶洋洋的)

I am naturally indolent and without application to any kind of business. (我天性懶惰,無所事事。)

2.      Very out-of-date

Defunct(過時的)

The Telecommunications Ordinance of Hong Kong is a defunct law.(香港的電訊管理條例是一條過時的法律。)

3.      Very short-lived

Transient; Transitory (短暫的)

A transient happiness短暫的幸福)

4.      Very much-shortened

Abridged(縮略刪減的)

This is an abridged version of the novel chronicling the joys and sorrows of Michael Jackson. (這是按時間順序記錄MJ一生哀樂的那本小說的縮略本。)

5.      Very wise

Sagacious(睿智的)

Raymond Wong is the most sagacious of the panel.(毓民是專責小組中最有洞察力的成員。)

6.      Very negligent

Remiss(疏忽的)

It was remiss of me not to read your email.(沒有讀你的電郵,是我的疏忽。)

7.      Very uncertain

Dubious(對…感到懷疑)

I am dubious about his motives.(我懷疑他的動機。)

8.      Very aggressive

Pugnacious(好鬥的)

The singer was in a pugnacious mood when he spoke to journalist about her recent scandal.(那歌手向記者談到她的近期醜聞時,抱的是隨時吵架的心情。)

9.      Very aware

Cognizant(察覺到的)

He was fully cognizant of the importance of the de facto referendum. (他完全意識到這次變相公投的重要性。)

10.  Very pushy(好勝和愛出風頭的)

Bumptious(自吹自擂的;自命不凡的)

bumptious officials自吹自擂的官員)

11.  Very decisive(斷然的)

Emphatic(斷然的)

He replied with a polite but emphatic refutation. (他以禮貎而堅決地回絶。)

12.  Very fortunate

Propitious(吉利的)

A propitious sign吉兆

13.  Very argumentative

Querulous(愛發牢騷的)

His classmates were repelled by his querulous and complaining statements. (他的牢騷和抱怨令同學厭惡。)

14.  Very shy(羞怯的)

Diffident(缺乏自信的;羞怯的)

Don’t be so diffident about your talents.(對你的才能別那麽缺乏自信。)

15.  Very lively

Vivacious(活潑的)

The vivacious girl made a good cheerleader.(那活潑的女孩是很好的啦啦隊隊長。)

16.  Very talkative

Loquacious(多嘴的)

The normally loquacious Mr. Chan talked little at the meeting. (一向話多的陳先生在會議上說得很少。)

               

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