香港新浪網 MySinaBlog
« 上一篇 | 下一篇 »
John | 13th Jan 2010, 13:03 PM | 會考英語Paper 1B (Writing) | (1532 Reads)

原則一:意蘊豐富,不要囉唆(Use Dense Words

寫中、英文都要用字要經濟,盡量運用意蘊豐富的字。

先以中文為例:

·        「由於危樓對途人構成危險」即「因危樓危及途人」

·        「高度評價」即「讚揚」

·        「釋出善意」即「示好」

·        「以阿Q為首的」即「阿Q領導的」

再以英文為例:

·        once a month可考慮寫作monthly

·        something new可考慮寫作novel

·        I saw a person I did not know可考慮寫作I saw a stranger

·        something which one cannot understand可考慮寫作incomprehensible

·        something impossible to imagine可考慮寫作inconceivable

原則二:用短字(Use Short Words

用短字,短字比長字有力,少一點裝模作樣的感覺。

Short words are more powerful and less pretentious than long words.

Rape sexual assault有力;stopdiscontinue明快。

Rape is more powerful than sexual assault; stop is crisper than discontinue.  

 Preview

海明威惜字如金,請看他這段,超過兩個音節的詞只有兩個。

The following paragraph was written by Ernest Hemingway, a miser of words.  It contains only two words with more than two syllables.

Finally, after a couple more false klaxons (舊式汽車喇叭誤鳴數聲後), the bus started, and Robert Cohn waved good-by to us向我們揮手道別), and all the Basques (巴斯克人)waved good-by to him.  As soon as we started out on the road outside of town it was cool.  It felt nice riding high up and close under the trees.  The bus went quite fast and made a good breeze (微風), and as we went out along the road with the dust powdering the trees and down the hill, we had a fine view, back through the trees, of the town rising up from the bluff above the river (河流高而陡的岸).  The Basque lying against my knees (倚在我的那位巴斯克人)pointed out the view with the neck of a wine-bottle, and winked (眨眼)at us.  He nodded his head (點頭).

原則三:說話要具體(Use Specific Expressions

先說中文,為何「打造」不宜多用?因為這是個百搭詞,「打造基礎」、「打造前程」、「打造粧容」和「打造良好關係」,像程式語言,作者可以不用思考似的。

英文寫作也不宜抽象,要寫得具體,例如:

如寫: 

Working in the fruit juice plant(菓汁廠)was physically hard.  I had to stack cartons of fruits and bottled juices for a long time every night and was limited to two short breaks(小休)only.

不如將細節改得具體一點(考生的高低就看細節):

Working in the fruit juice plant was physically hard.  I had to stack cartons of fruits and bottled juices for eleven hours a night and was limited to two ten-minute breaks only.

emotion
引用(0) | 話題(英文)