香港新浪網 MySinaBlog
« 上一篇 | 下一篇 »
John | 30th Oct 2009, 08:04 AM | 會考英語Paper 1B (Writing) | (874 Reads)

103日寫了一篇會考英語作文- Paper 1B - 可以寫任何句子的以簡馭繁法(Simplify the Complicated,文中以waste為例,說明英文這種蟹行文字(橫寫的文字)在增加資料時,只會加在「前」或「後」,於是用一句口訣「前」「前前」「後」「後後」「前後」來表示英文八類詞不斷排列組合的現象和撰寫延伸句子的通則。(「前前」表示加在前面的資料很多)。抱歉得很,能力所限,總覺意有未盡,想再談一談。

 

句子可以很短:

Fish swim

長一點:

The bright red fishswims swiftly and beautifully.

再長一點

The bright red fish reared by Johnswims swiftly and beautifully in the aquarium.

再長多一點

The bright red fish reared by Johnswims swiftly and beautifully in the aquarium, which was brought at 40% discount at an aquarium shop in Tung Choi Street.  

要加長句子,一定要有一些機制。英文加長句子的機制不勝枚舉,列舉一部分如下:

l   所有preposition in, on, as, at等)( prepositional phrase 修飾名詞

例如:The is a good skill. →This is a skill worth developing.

例如:Restaurant →a restaurant in the Hotel→a restaurant on the third floor of the Hotel

例如:A typewrite→a typewriter on the desk→a typewriter on the desk outside the manager’s room

l   所有關係代名詞和疑問代名詞(who, where, when, which, how, that等)

例如:The boys played under the tree. →The boys played where the fallen leaves were deepest.

例如:Donald Tsang needs more wisdomWhat Donald Tsang needs to do is to gain more wisdom instead of lashing out at the press fruitlessly.

l   所有過去分詞(引出過去分詞片詞)

例如:The vase broken by Jimmy belonged to his teacher.

l   所有現在分詞(引出現在分詞片詞)

例如:They heard the window being broken.

l   所有gerund

例如:They practiced reading and answering questions about liberal studies.

l   infinite phrase 修飾名詞

例如:Hong Kong needs a good policy→Hong Kong needs a good policy to help the poor

l   同位語寫法

例如:In spite of Gods, a perceptive and witty book, is set to become….

l   insertion

例如:A good film is the result of a good creative effort. →A good film is, like any artful design, the result of a good creative effort.

l   conjunction but, and等) (暫無舉例)

l   adverbial clause, adjective clause, noun clause暫無舉例

l   可以數式並用

例如:The book presents a snapshot of China→The book presents a snapshot of China, a country undergoing a remarkable transformation that has still fully to come to terms with democracy and the rule of law.

再多舉以下一例:

l   Alex had a lunch with Stephy

l   Alex had a lunch with Stephy, a young actor.

l   Alex had a quiet lunch with Stephy, a young actor, in the Peninsula Hotel, Kowloon.

l   Alex was having a quiet lunch with Stephy, a young actor, in the Peninsula Hotel, Kowloon, when something unusual happened.

l   Alex was having a quiet lunch with Stephy, a young actor, in the Peninsula Hotel, Kowloon, when something unusual happened: she burst into tears and remained in that state for several minutes, because she was unfavorably reported in gossip magazines for the large number of Chinese characters she used wrongly in her new book which was just released. 

以上各種延長法和學習the room for improvementinstead of等片語不同。學習the room for improvement)和instead of是很實在的,雖然也會涉及上述的結構(任何英文都會涉及上述結構),但重點是學習the room for instead of本身。相反,上述的方法較虛空,重點有二。其一,鼓勵自己用不同結構寫句子。其二,鼓勵自己在閱讀時看穿句子即使長達十行也仍然是由八類詞的無窮排列組合形成,從而自己寫出好句。
  
引用(0) | 話題(英文)