香港新浪網 MySinaBlog
« 上一篇 | 下一篇 »
John | 26th Oct 2009, 20:46 PM | 會考英語Paper 1B (Writing) | (7501 Reads)

To write an argumentative essay, you need to

l   Identify the issue from the question (Underline key words in the question for your own easy reference.)

從試題認清論題,給關鍵詞劃底線,幫助自己集中注意。

l   Drop down the pros and cons of the issue. (These pros and cons should include views, examples, facts and evidence, if any.)

寫下論題的正反兩面,有的話,可考慮寫進看法、例子、事實和證據。

l   Determine your own stance (立場)/point of view (觀點), failing which you will find it difficult to structure your essay.

決定你的立場,是支持抑或反對或中立,你必須決定了大方向才可以順利建構文章。 

l   Structure your essay/your argument (what to write and in which paragraph).   Rather than try too hard to win over the examiner to your stance, you should show the examiner that you are objective and balanced. (You are not biased.)

建構你的大作/你的主張(你已經想出寫些甚麽,現在要想怎樣寫,哪條資料放在哪段才合理。不要老想說服閱卷員你的想法有多英明神武,要努力表現你的態度持平客觀和平衡,雖然,你最終仍有觀點,但不是各打五十。),

l   How to show that you are objective? Show that you are aware of both sides of the issue by introducing your opponent’s reasons and refute them. (State why those reasons cannot hold.)

如何寫得客觀?你應表現出你對正反雙方的論點都認識,不過,引入對手的論點時寫得簡單點,自己的「反駁」論點寫詳細點。或者不說「反駁」,語氣太重,說為何相反的論點不能成立。

 

Organizing the Argumentative Essay

There are a number of ways to organize the argumentative essay.  Here are two patterns.

建構文章的方法很多,以下兩種只屬示意。另外,請看我的誌文會考英語作文- 「江若琳「援交被捕」出號外」-議論文(argumentative essays)和故事(stories)的非傳統寫法》,這兩篇文章要一起看有助「開竅」。

Pattern 1 – for non-controversial topic

Paragraph 1

Introduction + background information (optional)

Introduce the issue/problem and your thesis (論點)/stance (立場)

Paragraph 2

Reason 1.  You will probably have one reason per paragraph.  Three reasons are typical for an argumentative essay.

Paragraph3

Reason 2

Paragraph 4

Reason 3

Paragraph 5

Refute your opponent’s most important reason.

Paragraph 6

Conclusion

Here you can summarize (paraphrase),demand action, suggest a solution, or predict an outcome

Note: You may also refute your opponent’s main argument before you begin your reasons

Pattern 2 – for highly controversial topic

Paragraph 1

Introduction + background information (optional)

Introduce the issue/problem and your thesis (論點)/stance (立場)

Paragraph 2

Opponent’s argument 1 with your refutation.  Begin the paragraph with a short summary of your opponent’s argument and spend most of the paragraph refuting it.

Paragraph 3

Opponent’s argument 2 with your refutation.

Paragraph 4

Opponent’s argument 3 with your refutation.

Paragraph 5

Conclusion

Here you can summarize (paraphrase),demand action, suggest a solution, or predict an outcome

 
引用(0) | 話題(英文)