香港新浪網 MySinaBlog
« 上一篇 | 下一篇 »

Global environmental problems from individual and global perspectives

從個人和全球合作的角度看環境問題

Global Environmental Problems

1.          global climatic change 全球氣候轉變/global warming 全球暖化

2.          cross-border pollution 跨境污染

3.          water shortage 水量不足

4.          destruction of natural habitats 天然居住環境破壞

5.          species extinction 物種滅絶

6.          desertification 沙漠化

7.          deforestation 砍伐森林

8.          decline of arable soil 可耕地減少

9.          depletion of marine fisheries/ collapsing fisheries漁場耗竭

10.      persistent pockets of severe poverty 持續的嚴重貧窮地帶

11.      fear of depletion of oil 對石油耗盡的恐懼/tightening of petroleum sources 石油來源緊絀/resource scramble 資源爭奪

12.      threat of pandemics 疫症大流行的威脅

13.      a dangerous disparity of resource appropriation within and between nations 一國之內和各國之間資源分配的危險懸殊

14.      ozone layer destruction對臭氧層的破壞

15.      burgeoning population人口迅速膨脹

16.      poverty traps 貧窮陷阱(指某些社區或國家長期貧窮而無法自拔)- Poverty could foment violence and instability (貧窮可以激起暴力、破壞穩定。)

 Solutions (解決方法)

As individuals, whether as a citizen of Hong Kong, of China, or of the world, our responsibility is a commitment to know the truth of environmental problems as best as we can, truth that is both technical and ethical(倫理的;道德的), so that we can develop in ourselves a saving grace that enables us to understand, with scientific awareness (科學醒覺)and empathy(溫情的理解), the plight (困境)of the poor, the dispossessed(無依無靠的人), the young people without hope, or the rural communities challenged by bewildering (令人困惑的)change. (改寫自Common Wealth Economics for a Crowded Planet    

意譯

作為個人,不論是香港人、中國人或世界人,我們的責任是竭力掌握有關的科技知識和倫理道價值觀,了解環境問題的真相,孕育科學的醒覺和溫情的理解,了解窮人(不妨比較「你窮因為你懒」的立場)、無依無靠的人、面對絶望前路的青年人,以及被劇變打擊得不知所措的務農社區,了解他們的困境,如果我們能夠看到這些,我們應該抱着得救的感恩心。

題外話

為何看到別人的苦況,我們應該抱着得救的感恩心?或許,能夠看到從前看不到的東西,就應該抱着感恩心,最少應懐抱點謙卑。 

What can be done through global cooperation?

全球合作可以做怎麽?

1.          continue Green Revolution 綠色革命(指農業革命,於1945年在墨西哥開始,包括發展更多小麥品種(develop more varieties of wheat)等,由美國多個基金撥款支持,因此是全球合作的一種)

2.          help underdeveloped countries to build the basic infrastructure and technological capacity幫助未發展國家建設基礎設施、開發科技潛能

3.          control local pollution and cross-border pollution across neighbouring countries 控制地方污染和鄰國之間的跨境污染

4.          contain/head off stratospheric ozone depletion控制/減慢同溫層臭氧耗竭Even if we stop using all ozone depleting chemicals today, it would take another 50 years for ozone layer destruction to stop. 即使我們今天就停用所有消耗臭氧的化學品,破壞臭氧層的過程還要再過五十年才會停止。

5.          provide aid and assistance to the poorest countries to end poverty traps and promote economic development為最貧窮的國家提供援助和協助,幫助這些國家脫離貧窮陷阱,推動經濟發展

6.          help the NGO sector to play an even more constructive role in the challenges to poverty, disease, and hunger NGOnon-governmental organizations funded totally or partly by governments. 幫助非政府機構界別承擔建設性更大的責任,積極撲滅貧窮、疾病和餓荒        NGO=由政府全部或部分資助的非政府機構)