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Composition of the Legislative Council (立法會的組成) 

立法會主席(the President of the Legislative Council/Legco 是曾鈺成(Jasper TSANG Yok-sing),下設一位立法會秘書(Clerk to the Legislative Council)。 

第四屆立法會有60位議員/60個席位(seat),30位議員來自地區直選,另外30位來自選舉基礎多數狹窄的功能界別選舉,任期(term of office)四年。

There are 60 seats in the Fourth Legislative Council.The Legislative Council comprises 60 members for the fourth term, with 30 directly elected by geographical constituencies, and 30 by functional, mostly narrowly-based, constituencies, for four-year terms.

立法會有來自28個功能界別(勞工界功能界別佔3席)的30位議員。梁家騮醫生是醫療界的代表。

There are 28 functional constituencies FC represented through 30 legislators with 3 legislators returned (選出)from the Labour Functional Constituency in LegCo. Doctor Leung Ka Lau is a legislator from the Medical Functional Constituency 

有些立法會議員是全職的,例如梁國雄和劉慧卿。立法會議員多數會參加一些事務委員會和委員會

Some Legco members, like Leung Kwok-hung and Emily Lau, are full-time legislators.  Most of the legislators sit on panels and committees 

What do our legislators can do? (立法會議員幹甚麽的?)

The powers and functions (職權)of our legislators are, among other things:

立法會議員的職權包括

l   to debate and vote on bills審議及投票贊成/反對條例草案;

l   to monitor government expenditures and approve or disapprove budgets 審議及通過/不通過財政預算案;

l   to monitor and raise questions on(質詢)the work of the Government, and 監察和質詢政府的運作;及

l   receive complaints from the public接受公眾投訴。 

Legco’s summer-break / summer-recess not exceeding 3 months(立法會不超過3個月的暑假) 

立法會的一般做法是在10月開始新的會期,直至翌年7月為止。行政長官會在立法會第一次會議(first sitting)宣讀施政報告(the Policy Address)。換句話說,立法會在每年7月至9月休會(not in session)。

The general practice in the Legislative Council is for a new session to commence in October each year with the Policy Address of the Chief Executive delivered at the first sitting of that session, and to end in July.  In other words, the Legco is not in session from around July to September every year.  

立法會的換屆選舉(不是補選),會在七月至九月這段立法會解散了的期間進行。

The general election not a by-election of the Legislative Council will take place between the dissolution period between July and September. (請留意:general election在民主國家指「大選」,「換屆選舉」指全部經選舉產生的立法會議員任期屆滿重選,有別於一名議員因故(for some reason,例如身故或者被定了罪(convicted))離職而須進行的補選(by-election)。) 

The Legislative Council comprises a number of panels (事務委員會) and standing committee (常設委員會), such as the

l   Bill Committee (法案委員會),

l   House Committee 內務委員會,

l   Finance Committee 財務委員會, and

l   Public Accounts Committee 政府賬目委員會。

The Council also has a redress system (申訴制度) under which duty roster members (當值議員)will receive and handle (接受並處理) complaints (投訴;申訴)lodged by the members of the public(市民).(注意:receive and handle complaints=接受並處理投訴,但要留意,所謂「接受」只是receive即「接收」之意,「接受投訴」和「投訴有據」是兩回事,因此,「投訴接受、態度照舊」在推理上順理成章,並無不妥。) 

2012 Double Universal Suffrage2012普選)

多數市民支持2012雙普選。但有人主張2017年之前無可能得到普選,泛民為2012雙普選抗爭並不現實,對提出上述主張的人來說,重要的不是信念的力量,也不是動員的能力,而是種種現實的計算。

Most of us support "Double Universal Suffrage" in 2012.  Nevertheless, some people argue that universal suffrage will not be attainable before 2017, and it would be unrealistic for the pan-democrats to continue fighting for such suffrage in 2012.  Rather than the power of beliefs and the ability to marshal all potent resources, realistic calculations seem to be all that matters to them 

1.          “multiple seats multiple votes” system多議席多票制

2.          “single seat, single vote” system單議席單票制

3.          end of a session of the Legislative Council (立法會會期)會期完結

4.          double universal suffrage 雙普選

5.          one-person one-vote system 一人一票制

6.          Should some people be allowed to cast two votes? 應該讓一些人有兩票投票權嗎?

7.          Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureau 政制及內地事務局

8.          functional constituency 功能界別

9.          sector 界別

10.      subsector界別分組

11.      term of office任期

12.      a dissolution of the Council

13.      full-time legislator 全職議員

14.      political platform/political agenda政綱

15.      seat 議席

16.      sit on panels and committees 參加事務委員會和委員會

17.      debate and vote on bills 審議法案

18.      implement universal suffrage 實行普選

19.      redress system of the Legco (立法會申訴制度)

20.      popularity民望

21.      general election換屆選舉

22.      by-election補選

23.      President of the Legislative Council立法會主席

24.      Clerk to the Legislative Council 立法會秘書

25.      Panel 事務委員會

26.      Standing Committee 常設委員會

27.      Bill Committee 法案委員會

28.      House Committee 內務委員會

29.      Finance Committee 財務委員會

30.      Public Accounts Committee 政府賬目委員會

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