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John | 26th Sep 2009, 04:07 AM | 英文文法 (1) | (14538 Reads)

l   A participle is a verb that serves an adjective. (分詞是用作形容詞的動詞。)

l   The two kinds of participles are: the past participle, which usually end in –ed or en, And the present participle ends in -ing. (分詞有過去分詞和現在分詞。)

Present participle

Object or modifier

Present participle phrase

Functions as an adjective in a sentence

Past participle

Object or modifierPresent participle phraseFunctions as an adjective in a sentence

l   Hidden by the trees, Jerry waited to scare Mark.

    Participial: hidden

    Modifier: by the trees (a prepositional phrase modifying “hidden”)

    The phrase headed by hidden describes Jerry.

l   A penny saved is a penny lost to inflation.

    Participial: saved / lost

    Modifier: to inflation

    Saved and the phrase headed by lost describe penny.

l   The cat keenly hunting the birds must be a thoroughbred(純種).

    Participial: hunting

    Object: the birds (the direct object of the participial)

    Modifier: keenly (an adverb modifying the participial)

    The phrase headed by keenly hunting describes cat.

l   Elbowing her way into the meeting, Mary took a seat as if no one had notice her.

    Participial: elbowing

    Object: her way

    The phrase headed by elbowing describes Mary.

l   The salesperson waving the biggest banner hasn’t necessarily made the most sales.

Participial: waving

Object: the biggest banner

The phrase headed by waving describes salesperson.

l   He wrote a letter lodging a complaint against CCTVB.

Participial: lodging

Object: a complaint

Modifier: against CCTVB

The phrase headed by lodging describes he.

l   The law firm’s bill, listing fees for everything from legal advice to photocopying charge, is exorbitant (極高昂的).

Participial: listing

Object: fees

Modifier: for everything from legal advice to photocopying charge

The phrase headed by listing describes bill.

  
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