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John | 17th Sep 2009, 09:53 AM | 英文文法 (1) | (21732 Reads)

l   A gerund is a verb ending in–ing and functions as a noun. Gerund(動名詞)是以-ing結尾的verb,作名詞使用。)

l   A gerund and its related words form a gerund phrase. Gerund 及其有關字構成gerund phrase(動名詞片語)。)

l   動名詞片語是名詞片語(noun phrase)。這一點很重要,因為noun phrase的功能等於nounnoun可以作主詞和受詞。若你有gerund phrase可作subjectobject的概念,便能造較複雜的句子(見下文的例子)。

l   Sports are often referred to in gerund form. (體育活動常用動名詞說。)

l   留意:以-ing結尾的,除了gerund(動名詞),還有present participle(現在分詞)。動名詞和現在分詞合稱 -ing form

l   Take a look of the following examples:Ø   Swimming is one of my favorite activities in summer. Gerund as a subject(遊泳是我在夏季喜愛的活動之一。)

Ø   He is good at driving.Gerund as an object)(佢手車好/他精於駕駛。)

Ø   Winning the Miss Hong Kong Pageant title is very honorable indeed. Gerund phrase as subject)(赢得香港小組名銜很光榮。)

Ø   I like reading newspapers online.Gerund phrase as an object.)(我愛在網上讀報。)

Ø   Tackling a project one step at a time overcomes procrastination only for those who don’t tend to procrastinate anyway.Gerund phrase as a subject.)(每一次逐一步解決問題可以克服拖延,這種說法只適用於根本不會拖延的人。)

Ø   John likes getting a migraine headache(偏頭痛) because he can leave work early enough to watch a Monday-night special television program.Gerund phrase as an object.)(John因為有偏頭痛,可以回家看星期一的特備電視節目,他反而喜歡。)

Ø   He intends to win the sales award by turning in duplicate orders.Gerund phrase as an object of the preposition by)(他想用交上重覆訂單的方法來奪取銷售獎。)

Ø   His suggestion is writing off the doubtful debt.Gerund phrase as subject complement)(他的建議是將呆帳撇帳。)

Ø   注意:We noticed John watching the girl.watching the girl 不是gerund phrase而是participial phrase,重點在John。)若用gerund phrase,上句要寫作We noticed John’s watching the girl(重點在watching the girl.  John’s watching the girl的結構等於John’s attitude的結構。

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