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John | 9th Sep 2009, 06:19 AM | 會考英語Paper 1B (Writing) | (1200 Reads)

To describe is to tell what something looks like.  You must look carefully at something to describe it accurately.  Learn to be observant (培養良好的觀察力).

Always try to create a picture in words for your readers to see it. 

 In descriptive writing, develop a dominant impression (the impression which you wish to make on your readers), and support the dominant impression with concrete (具體的) descriptive details, which should appeal to the five senses sight, smell, touch, taste, or hearing.

Read the following examples on using specific details:

General

Specific

The old table was very important.

The old oak table in our kitchen was the centre of our family life.

The chair in my bedroom was comfortable.

The worn (舊)green chair fit my body exactly.

The lake was pretty.

The turquoise lake(翠湖)lake shimmered in the morning sunlight. shimmer水在陽光下閃爍)(不懂turquoise的發音,可查dictionary.com將字打進,查出後按microphone icon: http://dictionary.reference.com/?&o=0&l=dir

It was windy.

The wind howled around the corner of the house. howl→風的呼嘯

The park benches (公園長櫈)were rough.

The old concrete park benches scraped the skin off my legs.scrape→刮

A word of caution.

An overuse of adjectives may make your writing stilted(不自然)and make the reader stumble.  Consider this example:

 

Improper use of adjectives

Break up the adjective and intersperse them within a number of sentences

The elderly man picked up his ugly, rusty old razor (剃刀)and began to shave his craggy (粗糙的), wrinkled (皺紋斑斑的)face.

The old man picked up his razor.  It was rusty, but it was all he had.  He lathered up the soap (塗肥皂至起泡)and applied it to his face, covering up the wrinkles and stubble 鬚茬;生在臉上的毛髮)in preparation for his shave.

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