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John | 10th Aug 2009, 04:50 AM | 會考英語Paper 1A (Reading) | (1485 Reads)

Paper 1A各類題種(question types)(2

 

題目種類

注意點

Missing words/phrases in the textText裡留了blank要填)

-          要你填一個word或者一個phrase,可以考你的很多東西,可以考你grammar,或者usage,或者vocabulary

-          這種屬於infer(推知)題,要你從上下文推知答案,那麽,要看多少上下文?通常看有那個blank(_____)的句子,若找不到答案,向前、後看,通常在有blank(_____)那段有答案。

-          請看以下各題:

-          Students can refuse _______ be tested for drugs. Answer: Students can refuse to be tested for drugs. ── 這條考你grammar,看這句本身已可作答。)

-          The idea is for a test team made up ________ a male nurse, a female nurse, two social workers and an information manager to visit each school twice a month to test 32 to 40 students picked at random.  Answer: The idea is for a test team made up of a male nurse, …──這條考你usage

-          All 23 secondary schools in Tai Po supported the ________ drug testing scheme.Answer: All 23 secondary schools in Tai Po supported the school drug testing scheme. ──這條考你的機警或理解力,答案school blank的前面可以抄,但要刪去「s」。)

-          At that time, it has a _______ of 50,000 on 0.026km2 of land, and therefore a very high population density of 1,000,000/km2. Answer: At that time, it has a population of 50,000 on 0.026km2 of land, and therefore a very high population density of 1,000,000/km2.──這是2008年會考題,考你機警或理解力,答案population blank後面可以抄。)

Choosing the right explanation in a dictionary  entry (字典題)

-          單詞(或片語)的意義視乎上下文而不同。

-          這種屬於infer(推知)題。

-          作答時,留意單詞的詞類(part of speechclass of word

-          可參看本站會考英語理解題 - 要你找正確的字典解釋

Choosing or creating an appropriate and alternative title(為文選題目或另選標題)

-          如問題要你揀文章的題目(choose a title)或者為文章另揀一個題目(choose an alternative title),不要揀只代表部分段落的,要揀能代表整個text整體意念的。

-          titlesuccinct(簡潔扼要)和relevant (有關)

Writing a title for a chart (為圖標寫標題)

-          作答方法是將Chart的標題撮寫。例如問題有 Complete the following population chart of the Walled City to show how it changed over the years .  然後叫你Write a title for the chart.  答案是Population/Growth/Change of Kowloon walled City.

Completing tables,  charts, etc.(填表、填圖等)

-          要填的可能是數字、單詞、年份,甚麽都可能

-          可能分左右兩邊,一般在右邊留空間(blanks)要你填,但左邊也可能會有些blanks要填

-          不要漏單位,例如 $, %, kg, km, g, cm, m, mph

Matching subheadings or summarizing sentences with paragraphs (將分題(或撮要句子)和段落配對)

-          先讀有關段落,然後選正當的分題或概要句子

-          又是paraphrasing 的概念(新詞舊意,留意相同的意念在問題和在text會用不同的字眼來說),反過來說,如果在summarizing sentences有些字和有關段落的一些字相似,這些單詞之間的相似(the likeness of words)並不表示應將兩者配對,要看summarizing sentences 是否有段落的中心思想(central idea)。

Testing idiomatic phrases or difficult word(考成語或深字)

-          可能考你idioms 或者生字

-          例如:In line 25, ‘notorious’ means  A.  well-known.  B. well-known in a good way.  C. well-known in a bad way.  D. well-known for many years. 如果你已懂得notorious這個字,你不看text也能知道答案是C

-          如果你不懂得有關的difficult word,例如你不懂上段的notorious,你可嘗試從text的上下文推知(infer

Summary cloze(撮要填充)

-          步驟:1)先讀summary cloze passage 2 看一看text的指定段落(3)在blanks附近(即前後)找看來有用的字,例如年份、姓名或較「深」的字,用這些字在text找答案(4)每個blank只填一個字。(5)意思(meaning)和文法(tensepart of speech等要改嗎?)都要正確

-          可參閱本網站文章如何拆解Summary Cloze

Open-ended questions (開放式題目)

-          看看題目是否要求短答(short answer)或以完整的句子(complete sentence)作答,通常從分配的分數(the marks allocated)可以知道端倪

-          開放式題目不是照抄題(copy-and-paste type of question),相反,要求的是你用自己的話(use your own words)作答,所以考理解也考表達

-          一般,你能寫下key words就有分,但表達良好(如complete sentencegood expression)會有bonus mark。所以,量力而為,你的目標是摘A還是合格?

-          open-ended questions時如想取得好分數,要注意內容也注意文法(mind the grammar as well as the contents),想一想,要不要改tense?轉pronoun?單數眾數要不要轉?等等

 
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