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John | 30th Oct 2009, 08:04 AM | 會考英語Paper 1B (Writing) | (882 Reads)

103日寫了一篇會考英語作文- Paper 1B - 可以寫任何句子的以簡馭繁法(Simplify the Complicated,文中以waste為例,說明英文這種蟹行文字(橫寫的文字)在增加資料時,只會加在「前」或「後」,於是用一句口訣「前」「前前」「後」「後後」「前後」來表示英文八類詞不斷排列組合的現象和撰寫延伸句子的通則。(「前前」表示加在前面的資料很多)。抱歉得很,能力所限,總覺意有未盡,想再談一談。

 

句子可以很短:

Fish swim

長一點:

The bright red fishswims swiftly and beautifully.

再長一點

The bright red fish reared by Johnswims swiftly and beautifully in the aquarium.

再長多一點

The bright red fish reared by Johnswims swiftly and beautifully in the aquarium, which was brought at 40% discount at an aquarium shop in Tung Choi Street.  

要加長句子,一定要有一些機制。英文加長句子的機制不勝枚舉,列舉一部分如下:

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John | 29th Oct 2009, 08:12 AM | 英文文法 (1) | (4637 Reads)

l   ellipsis singular; ellipsesplural

l   Ellipses signify (1) pauses in dialogue (Example A); (2) numbers that have been left out (Example B). (3) words or figures that are omitted within quoted material (see below).

略號表示(1)對話中的停頓(例如欲言又止)(Example A);(2)一部份數字的省略(Example B);(3)在引述材料中刪除的詞或數字(見下文)

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John | 29th Oct 2009, 03:54 AM | HKDSE經濟科 | (7292 Reads)

Microeconomics studies how economic units (the individual, household, and firm) make their decisions about production, consumption and saving, including

微觀經濟學研究經濟單位(個人、住戶和廠商)如何作出有關生產、消費和儲蓄的決定,包括

 

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John | 28th Oct 2009, 04:18 AM | HKDSE經濟科 | (1429 Reads)
Exchange (交易)

l   The most basic form of economic activity (why) individuals or a countries can never produce everything they need

最基本的經濟活動,還沒有貨幣就有交易。為何要交易?因為個人和國家都不能生產本身需要的每件東西。)

l   Private property rights allow exchange. Exchange allows specialization. (Exchange is a condition for specialization.)

私有產權才有交易。有交易才有專門化。(交易是專門化的條件。)

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John | 26th Oct 2009, 20:46 PM | 會考英語Paper 1B (Writing) | (7406 Reads)

To write an argumentative essay, you need to

l   Identify the issue from the question (Underline key words in the question for your own easy reference.)

從試題認清論題,給關鍵詞劃底線,幫助自己集中注意。

l   Drop down the pros and cons of the issue. (These pros and cons should include views, examples, facts and evidence, if any.)

寫下論題的正反兩面,有的話,可考慮寫進看法、例子、事實和證據。

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John | 26th Oct 2009, 20:24 PM | 會考英語Paper 1B (Writing) | (2332 Reads)

本文要談議論文(argumentative essay)的非傳統寫法(unconventional approach)。

 

傳統方法是用第一段寫導言和背景資料(見下一篇文章議論文的結構)。現在先談非傳統的寫法,這是一種像新聞的寫法。

l   將第一句寫得有如新聞的導語(leadhook),將最特別的或有趣的寫進,令examiner眼前一亮。(Put something unusual or interesting in your first sentence.)這叫懸念法(suspension)。中國人的說法更傳神,叫「引而不發」。

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John | 26th Oct 2009, 09:08 AM | 英文文法 (1) | (3618 Reads)

l   If two statements are closely related, they may be written as one sentence with a semi-colon between them. The semi-colon shows the close relationship between the two statements.  However, please note that it is also correct to write the two statements as two separate sentences.

l   如兩句陳述緊密相關,可以寫成一句,中間用semi-colon分開,這個semi-colon表示兩個子句之間的關係密切。不過,請注意,將這兩個關係密切的陳述寫成兩句同樣正確。

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John | 26th Oct 2009, 08:10 AM | 英文文法 (1) | (5448 Reads)

l   The serial comma is also known as the Oxford comma and the Harvard comma.

Serial comma又叫Oxford commaHarvard comma

l   例子:

His friends are A, B, and C,「and C」前的「」就是serial comma

His friends are A, B and CC前沒有serial comma)也正確。

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John | 25th Oct 2009, 16:58 PM | 會考英語Paper 1A (Reading) | (1814 Reads)

會考英語- Paper 1A 必備應試能力七種(以2007年和2008年試題為例)一文,談到Paper 1A考驗的七種能力,拿2007年的題目作了個統計,並非要預測走勢,但有三項發現:

1)有一項能力(react to the text)考得較少。

2)有些題目雖只一分,但考兩種能力,見表後的附註。

3)有些地方用exam skills是幫得上的,但有些地方用自然反應和正道理解已很足夠,用skills反會迷失,見下文對四條題目的評論。

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John | 25th Oct 2009, 10:24 AM | 職業英語(1) | (1435 Reads)

When composing sales letters or circulars, be careful to adopt the “you-attitude” (對方本位) and not the “Me-attitude”(自我本位).

撰寫銷售函或通函時,要採用對方本位,棄用自我本位。

The “you-attitude” is divided into an elementary and an intermediate level, which focus on the form and the spirit respectively.

對方本位分為初級和高級,初級重形式,高級重內心。 

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John | 25th Oct 2009, 05:02 AM | 會考英語練習 | (665 Reads)

Choose a suitable heading for each paragraph from the list below

a)      Sex equality in security

b)      A comparison

c)      A question

d)      A thorough method

e)      A hideaway

f)       A disguised order

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John | 24th Oct 2009, 17:34 PM | 會考英語Paper 1A (Reading) | (1525 Reads)
 

l   研究試題,可從形式和內容兩方面看。

l   從形式看,Paper 1A的題種繁多(例如T or FMarchingFill in the blanks),我已有誌文談及。

l   從內容看,考的大約是七種能力,深淺程度大致是第1種較淺,第7種最深。

l   本文以2007年和2008年的試題說明。這些題目沒有上下文,旨在提供概念,故速看即可。

 

知道了考驗自己的大概是哪七種能力之後,有何好處?

1)較容易看穿繁多題種背後的要求,不會驚惶失措,有助沉着應戰。(You will not be daunted by the great variety of question types.)

2)知道應該發展哪種能力。(You will know what abilities/skills you need to develop for the CE exam.)

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John | 24th Oct 2009, 10:05 AM | 會考英語練習 | (561 Reads)

In the 2005 CE Exam Paper 1A, there was a section requiring candidates to fill in the blanks of an interview passage with provided sentences.  The following is a similar exercise, only that the interviewee is Bill Gates instead of Michelle Yeoh.

2005年會考Paper 1A,有一節要求考生用試題提供的句子填好一篇訪問稿的空格。以下是一個依樣畫葫蘆的練習,不過,受訪者是Bill Gates而不是楊紫瓊。

這種「填充句子」的考題,考驗的是了解文本組織/思路的能力(the ability to understand text organization/train of thoughts),要求的是對思路的大致理解而不是對片言隻語的細致了解。給你一個HINT,文章的主線是兩個人的爭論:新軟件的重點應該是減少舊軟件的bugs還是增添新功能?

Choose one of the sentences from the list below (AL) to complete each blank in the following interview.  Write the letters in the spaces provided.  Use each letter ONCE only.  The first one has been done for you. (12 marks)

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Global environmental problems from individual and global perspectives

從個人和全球合作的角度看環境問題

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John | 22nd Oct 2009, 08:02 AM | 英語詞彙 (1) | (2596 Reads)

Timetable schedule 有何分別?

l   Schedule在美式英語較多使用,但在英式英語亦會使用。

l   Schedule可以用作nounverbtimetable通常用作noun

Schedule用作verb的例子。

Kelly is scheduled for an interview with Stephen Chan in the television show Be My Guest tomorrow (Kelly明天出席電視節目《志雲飯局》接受陳志雲訪問。)

但我們很少見人這樣寫:

She is timetabled for an interview tomorrow.

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John | 21st Oct 2009, 03:37 AM | HKDSE經濟科 | (5182 Reads)

書本談Circular flow of economic activities經濟活動的循環流程)時,都有一張chart,大意是說,經濟活動在householdsfirms之間循環。循環分兩種:

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John | 20th Oct 2009, 06:06 AM | HKDSE通識教育科, HKDSE經濟科 | (439 Reads)
 

When asked about the lack of initiatives to help the poor in his Policy Address, the Chief Executive argued that developing the four pillar industries and the six industries will enlarge the economic pie, and the economic benefits will cascade/trickle down to all starta of the society. 

有人問特首,他的施政報告為何沒有甚麽扶貧措施,特首說,發展四大支柱產業和六項產業,「做大個餅」,社會各階層均可得益。

In light of the Sources below, to what extent do you think that the Chief Executive’s argument is valid?

從下文的兩項資料看,你認為特首的說法有多對(及/或有多錯)?

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John | 20th Oct 2009, 06:00 AM | HKDSE經濟科 | (3558 Reads)

Private property rights refer to the exclusive right to control, use and sell an asset and to receive the income generated from it.

私有產權指控制、使用、轉讓資產以及取得資產收入的專屬權利。

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John | 20th Oct 2009, 03:06 AM | 英文文法 (1) | (2068 Reads)

l   False subjects are pronouns like it or there that take the place of subjects.  The true subjects then become the delayed subjects.

假主詞是代名詞itthere,代替了主詞,真正的主詞放到句子後部,成為延後主詞。

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John | 19th Oct 2009, 21:30 PM | HKDSE經濟科 | (16468 Reads)

Positive statements (實證陳述) and normative statements (價值判斷)

先看例子:

1)      Bowtie is a male. positive statement

Bowtie 是男人。(實證陳述-Bowtie是不是男人是可以用事實證明的。)

2)      Bowtie is a bad guy. normative statements

Bowtie是壞人。(規範陳述-Bowtie是不是壞人隨了看事實,也看價值判斷。)

 

再看另兩個例子:

3)      Minimum-wage laws cause unemployment. positive statement

最低工資法例導致失業。(實證陳述-最低工資法例有沒有導致失業,原則上可以從數據得知,縱使人們對着相同數據亦可有不同看法。)

4)      The government should aid the poor. normative statements

政府應扶貧。(規範陳述-政府應扶貧,和「自己應助人」一樣,除了看有關事實,還有價值問題。)

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